Document Detail

Association between low Apgar score and neonatal cholestasis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15124841     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
AIM: To investigate the association between low Apgar score and the development of cholestasis. METHODS: Seventy-seven cholestatic infants, all referred to our tertiary centre and born between 1987 and 1996 were studied. Twenty-eight patients had biliary atresia (BA), 36 had various intrahepatic disorders and for 13 patients the aetiology of the cholestasis was unknown. Data on gestational age, mode of delivery, Apgar score and birthweight for the cholestatic infants and 1,118,270 control subjects born during the same time period were obtained from the Swedish Medical Birth Registry. If the Apgar score of the cholestatic patient was <7 at 1 min and/or <9 at 5 min and/or <9 at 10 min of age the available medical records were reviewed for signs of neonatal distress. RESULTS: Five cholestatic patients, all of them premature, fulfilled the Apgar criteria. For two of them the low Apgar score and need for immediate resuscitation were explained by major surgical problems. The other three patients, two with biliary atresia (BA) and one with Alagille syndrome, had clinical signs of neonatal distress. The incidence of low Apgar score in BA patients was 7% and in cholestatic patients without known aetiology 0%, neither figure differing significantly from that of the of the control group (2.6%). CONCLUSION: Low Apgar score is not more common in any of the cholestatic groups than in the general Swedish population of newborns. We suggest that aetiological associations other than low Apgar score need to be considered in infants with cholestasis of unknown cause.
B Fischler; M Pettersson; A Hjern; A Nemeth
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992)     Volume:  93     ISSN:  0803-5253     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Paediatr.     Publication Date:  2004 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-05-04     Completed Date:  2004-07-27     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9205968     Medline TA:  Acta Paediatr     Country:  Norway    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  368-71     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Paediatrics, Huddinge University Hospital, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
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MeSH Terms
Apgar Score*
Cholestasis / epidemiology*,  etiology
Infant, Newborn
Risk Factors
Sweden / epidemiology

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