Document Detail


Association between life stress during pregnancy and infant crying in the first six months postpartum: a prospective longitudinal study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16472948     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To examine prospectively the relationship between prenatal life stress and infant crying/fussing during the first 6 months of postnatal life, taking into account an array of confounders suggested in the literature. DESIGN: Prospective longitudinal study of a convenient sample, with data points in pregnancy and at about 6 weeks, 3, and 6 months postpartum. METHODS: The study included 86 pregnant women who completed a standardized, validated and widely used questionnaire on negative life changes experienced in the preceding 12 months. Women were grouped by median split on the impact score of negative life changes. Demographic, obstetric and lifestyle variables were obtained from pre- and postnatal interviews and from medical records in order to be taken into account as possible confounders. At all three postnatal data points, mothers kept a validated 5-day 24-h behavior diary to assess durations of infant crying/fussing. RESULTS: Infants of mothers with high scores of negative life changes exhibited more crying/fussing than infants born to mothers with low negative change scores, throughout the first half year postpartum, but particularly at ages 3 and 6 months. These results do not seem to be spurious due to the confounders considered in this report or to recording bias. CONCLUSION: Prenatal life stress is associated with infant crying/fussing in the first half year after delivery. To prevent or reduce infant crying and to foster a well-adapted parent-infant relationship, professionals attending expectant mothers should consider their emotional condition. If required, support should be provided already in pregnancy.
Authors:
Harald Wurmser; Margarete Rieger; Caroline Domogalla; Anja Kahnt; Janine Buchwald; Marianne Kowatsch; Natascha Kuehnert; Angelika Buske-Kirschbaum; Mechthild Papousek; Karl-Martin Pirke; Hubertus von Voss
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2006-02-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  Early human development     Volume:  82     ISSN:  0378-3782     ISO Abbreviation:  Early Hum. Dev.     Publication Date:  2006 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-05-19     Completed Date:  2006-08-11     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7708381     Medline TA:  Early Hum Dev     Country:  Ireland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  341-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Institute for Social Pediatrics and Youth Medicine, University of Munich, Heiglhofstr. 63, D-81377 Munich, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Confounding Factors (Epidemiology)
Crying*
Female
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Life Change Events*
Longitudinal Studies
Pregnancy
Prospective Studies
Questionnaires
Stress, Psychological*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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