Document Detail


Association between left ventricular regional sympathetic denervation and mechanical dyssynchrony in phase analysis: a cardiac CZT study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24310439     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: To evaluate the relationships among myocardial sympathetic innervation, perfusion and mechanical synchronicity assessed with cardiac cadmium-zinc-telluride (CZT) scintigraphy.
METHODS: A group of 29 patients underwent an evaluation of myocardial perfusion with (99m)Tc-tetrofosmin CZT scintigraphy and adrenergic innervation with (123)I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) CZT scintigraphy. The summed rest score (SRS), motion score (SMS) and thickening score (STS), as well as the summed (123)I-MIBG defect score (SS-MIBG), were determined. Regional tracer uptake for both (99m)Tc-tetrofosmin and (123)I-MIBG was also calculated. Finally, the presence of significant myocardial mechanical dyssynchrony was evaluated in phase analysis on gated CZT images and the region of latest mechanical activation identified.
RESULTS: Significant mechanical dyssynchrony was present in 17 patients (59 %) and associated with higher SRS (P = 0.030), SMS (P < 0.001), STS (P = 0.003) and early SS-MIBG (P = 0.037) as well as greater impairments in left ventricular ejection fraction (P < 0.001) and end-diastolic volume (P < 0.001). In multivariate analysis a higher end-diastolic volume remained the only predictor of mechanical dyssynchrony (P = 0.047). Interestingly, while in the whole population regional myocardial perfusion and adrenergic activity were strongly correlated (R = 0.68), in patients with mechanical dyssynchrony the region of latest mechanical activation was predicted only by greater impairment in regional (123)I-MIBG uptake (P = 0.012) that overwhelmed the effect of depressed regional perfusion.
CONCLUSION: Left ventricular mechanical dyssynchrony is associated with greater depression in contractile function and greater impairments in regional myocardial perfusion and sympathetic activity. In patients with dyssynchrony, the region of latest mechanical activation is characterized by a significantly altered adrenergic tone.
Authors:
Alessia Gimelli; Riccardo Liga; Dario Genovesi; Assuero Giorgetti; Annette Kusch; Paolo Marzullo
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-12-6
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1619-7089     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur. J. Nucl. Med. Mol. Imaging     Publication Date:  2013 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-12-6     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101140988     Medline TA:  Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Fondazione Toscana Gabriele Monasterio, Via Moruzzi, 1, 56124, Pisa, Italy, gimelli@ftgm.it.
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