Document Detail

Association between left ventricular mechanical dyssynchrony with myocardial perfusion and functional parameters in patients with left bundle branch block.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23354659     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVE: To identify predictors of left ventricular mechanical dyssynchrony (LVMD) in patients with known left bundle branch block (LBBB) using gated single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) phase analysis. METHODS: 81 patients (74% male, 70 ± 10 years) with LBBB and suspected or known coronary artery disease underwent ECG-gated myocardial perfusion SPECT. LV perfusion and functional parameters were measured, and phase analysis was performed to quantify LV-dyssynchrony. RESULTS: 35/81 patients (42%) had prior myocardial infarction (MI), and the mean left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was 49% ± 16%. LVMD was present in 58/81 (72%) patients. The summed thickening score (STS) (P < .001; odds ratio 1.22) emerged as independent predictor for the presence of LVMD in a multivariate regression model. In addition, prior MI, low LVEF, summed stress score, summed rest score, summed motion score, and LAD rest extent were identified as predictors of LVMD in a univariate model. Clinical baseline characteristics, cardiac risk factors, and QRS duration (P = .051) had no influence on the presence of LVMD. CONCLUSION: In patients with LBBB, the occurrence of LVMD as assessed by gated SPECT phase analysis is mainly influenced by reduced myocardial contractility as expressed by the STS. Proper discrimination between LVMD arising from known electrical conduction delay as opposed to areas of MI causing reduced regional contractility seems to be mandatory for therapy planning in patients with LVMD.
Christopher Uebleis; Xaver Hoyer; Serge D Van Kriekinge; Franziska Schuessler; Rüdiger Paul Laubender; Alexander Becker; Sebastian Lehner; Andrei Todica; Alexander Haug; Peter Bartenstein; Paul Cumming; Guido Germano; Marcus Hacker
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of nuclear cardiology : official publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-6551     ISO Abbreviation:  J Nucl Cardiol     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9423534     Medline TA:  J Nucl Cardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Nuclear Medicine, Ludwig-Maximilian's University, Munich, Germany.
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