Document Detail

Association between intracranial, arterial pulse pressure amplitudes and cerebral autoregulation in head injury patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17535570     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To explore whether intracranial pulse pressure amplitudes relate to arterial pulse pressure amplitudes and whether correlations between time-related changes in intracranial and arterial pulse pressure amplitudes associate with indices of cerebral autoregulation.
METHODS: A total of 257 continuous and simultaneous intracranial pressure (ICP), arterial blood pressure (ABP) and middle cerebral artery (MCA) blood velocity recordings were obtained 1-14 days after ictus in 76 traumatic head injury patients and analysed retrospectively. Clinical outcome was assessed using the Glasgow outcome scale (GOS). Pulse pressure amplitudes of corresponding single ICP and ABP waves were correlated in consecutive 200 wave pairs. Mean ICP, mean ABP and mean ICP wave amplitudes, and mean and systolic MCA blood flow velocities, were computed in consecutive 6 second time windows. The indices of cerebral autoregulation PRx (moving correlation between mean ICP and mean ABP), and Mx and Sx (moving correlation between mean and systolic MCA blood velocity and cerebral perfusion pressure) were calculated over 4 minute periods and averaged over each recording.
RESULTS: Intracranial pulse pressure amplitudes were not related to arterial pulse pressure amplitudes (mean of Pearson's correlations coefficients: 0.04). Outcome was related to mean ICP, PRx and Sx (p </= 0.04, multiple regression analysis). Correlations between intracranial and arterial pulse pressure amplitudes were weakly related to PRx (Pearson's correlation coefficient: 0.16; p=0.01), but were not related to the indices of cerebral autoregulation Mx (Pearson's correlation coefficient: 0.07) and Sx (Pearson's correlation coefficient: 0.04).
CONCLUSIONS: In this cohort of pressure recordings, we found no evidence of a correlation between intracranial and arterial blood pressure amplitudes. The correlation appeared not to be related to the state of cerebral autoregulation, although a weak correlation was found with pressure reactivity index PRx.
P K Eide; M Czosnyka; W Sorteberg; J D Pickard; P Smielewski
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neurological research     Volume:  29     ISSN:  0161-6412     ISO Abbreviation:  Neurol. Res.     Publication Date:  2007 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-09-28     Completed Date:  2008-01-04     Revised Date:  2014-02-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7905298     Medline TA:  Neurol Res     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  578-82     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Analysis of Variance
Blood Flow Velocity / physiology
Blood Pressure / physiology*
Cerebrovascular Circulation / physiology*
Child, Preschool
Craniocerebral Trauma / physiopathology*
Follow-Up Studies
Glasgow Outcome Scale
Homeostasis / physiology*
Intracranial Pressure / physiology*
Middle Aged
Retrospective Studies
Grant Support
G0001237//Medical Research Council

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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