Document Detail


Association between commercial and traditional sugar-sweetened beverages and measures of adiposity in Costa Rica.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22494394     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: Increasing trends in the consumption of commercial sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) have occurred in parallel with rising levels of obesity in Latin America, but data showing the relationship between these SSB and obesity are limited. The current study examined the association between commercial and traditional SSB and measures of adiposity in Costa Rica.
DESIGN: A cross-sectional analysis was conducted in which the exposure, SSB intake, was defined as frequency of daily servings of 'fresco' (a traditional home-made beverage), fruit drink (commercially available SSB), soda and fruit juice (made from fruits at home). Multivariate linear regression was used to estimate associations between SSB intake and BMI, waist-to-hip ratio and skinfold thickness.
SETTING: Central Valley, Costa Rica.
SUBJECTS: Controls (n 2045) of a case-control study on diet and heart disease in Costa Rica.
RESULTS: Fresco, fruit drink, soda and fruit juice were consumed ≥1 time/d by 47 %, 14 %, 4 % and 14 % of the population, respectively. One serving/d of soda, fruit drink and fresco was associated with 0·89, 0·49 and 0·21 kg/m2 higher BMI, respectively (all P < 0·05). Fruit drink (≥1 serving/d) was associated with higher waist-to-hip ratio (P = 0·004), while soda and fresco were associated with higher skinfold thickness (P = 0·02 and 0·01, respectively). Associations with fruit juice intake were modest and not statistically significant. Other factors associated with higher BMI were higher income and less education, smoking and physical inactivity (all P < 0·05).
CONCLUSIONS: Increasing intake of commercially available SSB could be in part responsible for the high prevalence of obesity among Hispanic adults.
Authors:
Jinnie J Rhee; Josiemer Mattei; Hannia Campos
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2012-04-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  Public health nutrition     Volume:  15     ISSN:  1475-2727     ISO Abbreviation:  Public Health Nutr     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-07-19     Completed Date:  2012-12-11     Revised Date:  2013-08-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9808463     Medline TA:  Public Health Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1347-54     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adiposity*
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Beverages*
Body Mass Index
Carbonated Beverages
Case-Control Studies
Costa Rica / epidemiology
Cross-Sectional Studies
Diet
Dietary Sucrose / administration & dosage,  adverse effects
Female
Food Habits*
Heart Diseases / epidemiology,  etiology
Humans
Linear Models
Male
Middle Aged
Multivariate Analysis
Obesity / epidemiology*,  etiology
Waist-Hip Ratio
Young Adult
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
AG00158/AG/NIA NIH HHS; HL49086/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS; HL60692/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS; T32 AG000158/AG/NIA NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Sucrose
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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