Document Detail


Association between changes in symptoms and gastric emptying in gastroparetic patients treated with gastric electrical stimulation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18086205     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
To investigate whether there is an association between gastric emptying rate and symptom improvement in gastroparetic patients treated with gastric electrical stimulation (GES), we retrospectively reviewed 63 gastroparetic patients who received GES therapy for at least 1 year. Patient characteristics, seven upper gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms and 4-h standardized gastric emptying test (GET) were evaluated at baseline and at 1 year of GES. All symptoms were significantly reduced (P < 0.001). Mean gastric retention was reduced by 7% (P = 0.102) for measurement at 4 h. Of the 63 patients, 14 had their GET normalized and 49 remained delayed after 1 year. Normalized GET patients had a similar symptom improvement as those whose GET remained delayed. Of all upper GI symptoms, the improvements in vomiting (P = 0.04), nausea (P = 0.002) and epigastric pain (P = 0.001) were significantly correlated with reduction in 4-h gastric retention between baseline and 12 months of GES therapy for patients with normalized gastric emptying but there were no correlations with any symptoms and change in gastric emptying for those patients who remained delayed. In summary, overall gastric emptying is not significantly accelerated at 4 h after successful symptomatic improvement with GES but nausea, vomiting and epigastric pain can be correlated with normalization of GET in a subset of patients.
Authors:
Z Lin; Q Hou; I Sarosiek; J Forster; R W McCallum
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2007-12-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neurogastroenterology and motility : the official journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society     Volume:  20     ISSN:  1365-2982     ISO Abbreviation:  Neurogastroenterol. Motil.     Publication Date:  2008 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-04-17     Completed Date:  2008-08-06     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9432572     Medline TA:  Neurogastroenterol Motil     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  464-70     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Internal Medicine, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS 66160, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Electric Stimulation Therapy / methods*
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Gastric Emptying / physiology*
Gastroparesis / physiopathology*,  therapy*
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Retrospective Studies
Treatment Outcome

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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