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The Association between Self-reported Exercise Intensity and Acute Coronary Syndrome in Emergency Department Chest Pain Patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23103065     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: Regular exercise is thought to be protective against coronary artery disease. As a result, some physicians believe that the likelihood of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in patients with acute chest pain is reduced in those who exercise regularly. We studied the association between self-reported frequency of exercising and the likelihood of ACS in patients presenting to the Emergency Department (ED) with chest pain. METHODS: A multi-center prospective, descriptive, cohort study design was used in ED patients to determine whether the risk of ACS was reduced in patients who self-reported regular exercise. RESULTS: There were 1093 patients enrolled. Median (interquartile range) age was 57 (48-67) years; 506 (45.7%) were female. ACS was diagnosed in 248 (22.7%) patients. Patients who did not exercise at least monthly were more likely to be diagnosed with ACS than those who did (129/466 [27.7%] vs. 119/627 [19.0%]; odds ratio 1.63, 95% CI 1.23-2.17). After adjusting for age, gender, body mass index, smoking, and prior history, limited exercise was still associated with ACS (adjusted odds ratio 1.52, 95% CI 1.10-2.10). There was no apparent association between frequency and intensity of exercise and risk of ACS. CONCLUSION: Although self-reported frequency of exercise was significantly associated with a decrease in ACS in ED patients with chest pain, it should not be used to exclude ACS in symptomatic ED patients.
Adam J Singer; Henry C Thode; W Frank Peacock; Judd E Hollander; Deborah Diercks; Robert Birkhahn; Nathan Shapiro; Ted Glynn; Richard Nowack; Basmah Safdar; Chadwick Miller; Elizabeth Lewandrowski; John Nagurney;
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of emergency medicine     Volume:  -     ISSN:  0736-4679     ISO Abbreviation:  J Emerg Med     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-29     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8412174     Medline TA:  J Emerg Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Stony Brook University and Medical Center, Stony Brook, New York.
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