Document Detail

The association between proximity to animal feeding operations and community health: a systematic review.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20224825     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: A systematic review was conducted for the association between animal feeding operations (AFOs) and the health of individuals living near AFOs.
METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: The review was restricted to studies reporting respiratory, gastrointestinal and mental health outcomes in individuals living near AFOs in North America, European Union, United Kingdom, and Scandinavia. From June to September 2008 searches were conducted in PUBMED, CAB, Web-of-Science, and Agricola with no restrictions. Hand searching of narrative reviews was also used. Two reviewers independently evaluated the role of chance, confounding, information, selection and analytic bias on the study outcome. Nine relevant studies were identified. The studies were heterogeneous with respect to outcomes and exposures assessed. Few studies reported an association between surrogate clinical outcomes and AFO proximity. A negative association was reported when odor was the measure of exposure to AFOs and self-reported disease, the measure of outcome. There was evidence of an association between self-reported disease and proximity to AFO in individuals annoyed by AFO odor.
CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: There was inconsistent evidence of a weak association between self-reported disease in people with allergies or familial history of allergies. No consistent dose response relationship between exposure and disease was observable.
Annette M O'Connor; Brent Auvermann; Danelle Bickett-Weddle; Steve Kirkhorn; Jan M Sargeant; Alejandro Ramirez; Susanna G Von Essen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review     Date:  2010-03-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  PloS one     Volume:  5     ISSN:  1932-6203     ISO Abbreviation:  PLoS ONE     Publication Date:  2010  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-03-12     Completed Date:  2011-01-11     Revised Date:  2013-05-30    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101285081     Medline TA:  PLoS One     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  e9530     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Veterinary Diagnostic and Production Animal Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa, United States of America.
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MeSH Terms
Animal Feed
Animal Husbandry*
Environmental Exposure
European Union
Gastrointestinal Diseases / epidemiology,  etiology
Great Britain
Inhalation Exposure / adverse effects*
Mental Health
North America
Respiratory Tract Diseases / epidemiology,  etiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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