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The Association between Prenatal Maternal Objective Stress, Perceived Stress, Preterm Birth and Low birthweight.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23339660     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the association between prenatal maternal stress, preterm birth (PTB) and low birthweight (LBW). Methods: Forty-seven women exposed to life-threatening rocket attacks during pregnancy were compared to 78 un-exposed women. Women were interviewed within nine months of delivery regarding socio-demographic background, smoking and perceived level of stress prenatally. Clinical data was obtained from hospital records and information regarding rocket attacks was obtained from official local authorities. Results: Women exposed to rocket attacks during the second trimester of pregnancy were more likely to deliver LBW infants than were unexposed women (14.9% vs. 3.3%, P=0.03). No association was found between stress exposure and PTB. A multivariate logistic regression revealed that every 100 alarm increment increased the risk of LBW by 1.97 (adj.OR=1.97, 95%CI 1.05-3.7). Perceived stress was not associated with LBW. Conclusions: Exposure to rocket attacks during the second trimester of pregnancy was associated with LBW. Objective stress can be used as an indicator of stress. Further studies are required to understand the underlying mechanism.
Authors:
Tamar Wainstock; Eyal Anteby; Saralee Glasser; Ilana Shoham Vardi; Liat Lerner-Geva
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine : the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1476-4954     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Matern. Fetal. Neonatal. Med.     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101136916     Medline TA:  J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Department of Epidemiology and Health Services Evaluation, Beer Sheva, 84105 Israel.
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