Document Detail


The association between left ventricular diastolic dysfunction and increased aortic stiffness can be explained by possible neurohumoral mechanisms.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20070360     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: In our study, we tried to find an answer to the question "How could the association between left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (LVDDF) and increased aortic stiffness (IAS) be explained?" METHODS: Cases without coronary artery disease (CAD) were divided into three groups according to their left ventricular (LV) inflow patterns and their LV basal-lateral annulus pulsed-wave tissue Doppler imaging (pw-TDI). Group 1 (n = 38) represented the normal LV inflow pattern while Group 2 (n = 54) represented impaired LV relaxation and Group 3 (n = 18) represented pseudonormalization. Aortic diameters were measured by using M-mode at a level that is 3 cm above the aortic valve. Aortic strain (AS) and aortic distensibility (AD) were calculated by using aortic diameters and pulse pressure. RESULTS: In Group 3, AS was lower compared to Groups 1 and 2 (respectively P < 0.001, P = 0.040). AS was also lower in Group 2 compared to Group 1 (P = 0.012). AD was higher in Group 1 compared to Groups 2 and 3 (respectively P = 0.01, P < 0.001). Early diastolic velocity of aortic pw-TDI was higher in normal LV inflow compared to Groups 2 and 3 (respectively P = 0.022, P = 0.050). Unfortunately, none of echocardiographic parameters that evaluate LV and aortic functions together (stroke volume, pulse pressure/stroke volume, pulse pressure/stroke volume index) were different among the groups. CONCLUSION: The results of our study clearly showed the association between LVDDF and IAS in cases without CAD. Additionally, it was concluded that this togetherness could be explained not by hemodynamic factors but by possible neurohumeral mechanisms.
Authors:
Hüseyin Sürücü; Ersan Tatli; Hakki Boz; Mehmet Meriç
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-01-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  Echocardiography (Mount Kisco, N.Y.)     Volume:  27     ISSN:  1540-8175     ISO Abbreviation:  Echocardiography     Publication Date:  2010 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-05-21     Completed Date:  2010-09-20     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8511187     Medline TA:  Echocardiography     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  275-81     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Cardiology Department, Private Avcilar Anadolu Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey. huseyinsurucu@yahoo.com.tr
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aorta / physiopathology*,  ultrasonography
Blood Flow Velocity
Blood Pressure
Diastole*
Female
Humans
Hypertension
Male
Middle Aged
Neurotransmitter Agents / metabolism*
Ventricular Dysfunction, Left / physiopathology*,  ultrasonography
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Neurotransmitter Agents

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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