Document Detail

Association between the 2756A> G variant in the gene encoding methionine synthase and myocardial infarction in Tunisian patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18844488     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Elevated plasma total homocysteine (tHcy), a risk factor for coronary artery disease (CAD), is due to defects in genes encoding for enzymes involved in tHcy metabolism or from inadequate status of vitamins involved in tHcy disposal. Methionine synthase (MS), a vitamin B(12)-dependent enzyme, catalyses the remethylation of homocysteine to methionine using a methyl group donated by 5-methyltetra-hydrofolate, which is the major circulating form of folate in the body. Functional genetic variants of the MS may alter tHcy as well as folate levels which are independent risk factors for CAD. The influence of a common genetic polymorphism 2756A>G of the MS gene (MTR) on plasma tHcy, folate and vitamin B(12) levels and its relation to the risk of myocardial infarction (MI) in a Tunisian case-control study was investigated.
METHODS: A total of 321 Tunisian patients with MI and 343 healthy controls were included in the study. The 2756A>G variant of the MTR was determined by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. Plasma tHcy was assessed with a fluorescent polarising immunoassay method. Plasma vitamin B(12) and folate were determined by microparticular enzyme immunoassay and ion-capture, respectively.
RESULTS: A significant difference in genotype distribution and allele frequency was observed between patients and controls. Patients with MI had a frequency of 1.9% for the GG genotype, 26.2% for the AG genotype and 72% for the AA genotype. Controls had a frequency of only 0.9% for the GG genotype, 18.7% for the AG genotype and 80.5% for the AA genotype (chi(2)=6.97, p=0.03). The MI patient group showed a significant higher frequency of the G allele compared to controls (0.149 vs. 0.101; OR 1.55; 95% CI 1.10-2.18; p=0.008). The association between the 2756A>G variant in the gene encoding MS and MI was no longer significant after adjustment for other well-established risk factors. When clinical and laboratory values were compared amongst genotypes in the study groups, no significant differences were noted.
CONCLUSIONS: The present study showed a significant but not independent association between the 2756A>G polymorphism of the MTR (presence of G allele) and MI in the Tunisian population.
Riadh Jemaa; Afef Achouri; Amani Kallel; Samir Ben Ali; Sami Mourali; Moncef Feki; Monia Elasmi; Samah Haj Taieb; Haïfa Sanhaji; Souheil Omar; Rachid Mechmeche; Naziha Kaabachi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical chemistry and laboratory medicine : CCLM / FESCC     Volume:  46     ISSN:  1434-6621     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin. Chem. Lab. Med.     Publication Date:  2008  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-10-10     Completed Date:  2008-12-29     Revised Date:  2014-03-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9806306     Medline TA:  Clin Chem Lab Med     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1364-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
5-Methyltetrahydrofolate-Homocysteine S-Methyltransferase / genetics*,  metabolism
Folic Acid / blood
Gene Frequency
Homocysteine / blood
Middle Aged
Myocardial Infarction / blood,  enzymology*,  genetics*
Vitamin B 12 / blood
Reg. No./Substance:
0LVT1QZ0BA/Homocysteine; 935E97BOY8/Folic Acid; EC S-Methyltransferase; P6YC3EG204/Vitamin B 12

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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