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Association of apolipoprotein E epsilon 4 allele with sporadic late onset Alzheimer`s disease. A meta-analysis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23022896     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
OBJECTIVE: To obtain a better insight into the effect of the epsilon (e) 4 allele of the apolipoprotein E gene (APOE) on the risk of late onset Alzheimer`s disease (LOAD), and assess its heterogeneity in geographic regions.
METHODS: We performed a systemic review and meta-analysis of available studies. An electronic and manual search of international and local databases was conducted to identify relevant studies between January 1991 and December 2011 in the Central Library of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran. All articles related to patients with LOAD that evaluated APOE genotype were included in our study. Two reviewers assessed the inclusion/exclusion criteria, summarized, and analyzed the extracted data. We assessed 21 separate studies overall involving 1480 subjects; the total sample size was 6777.
RESULTS: According to the results, there was no heterogeneity among the included studies. The total APOE e4 allele frequency was significantly higher in AD cases compared with control subjects (35% versus 11.43%, p<0.001). The odds ratio (OR) for APOE e4 frequency in AD and control groups was 3.98 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 3.44-4.61). This factor in various geographic regions was different.
CONCLUSION: This meta-analysis is strongly supportive of the hypothesis that the APOE e4 allele increases the risk of sporadic LOAD, and determination of the e4 allele in populations may be a useful tool for monitoring demented patients and planning healthcare policies.
Saeed Sadigh-Eteghad; Mahnaz Talebi; Mehdi Farhoudi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neurosciences (Riyadh, Saudi Arabia)     Volume:  17     ISSN:  1319-6138     ISO Abbreviation:  Neurosciences (Riyadh)     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-01     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101252453     Medline TA:  Neurosciences (Riyadh)     Country:  Saudi Arabia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  321-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Molecular Neurobiology, Neurosciences Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, PO Box 51745-155, Tabriz, Iran. Tel. +98 (914) 1038689 / (411) 3823824. E-mail:
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