Document Detail

Association of anthropometric indices with elevated blood pressure in British adults.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15481767     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To investigate which of six anthropometric indices was most strongly associated with elevated blood pressure and frank hypertension in a representative population sample of young and middle-aged British adults.
SUBJECTS: A representative random sample of British adults (2712 men and 3279 women) aged between 18 and 64y, who were resident in England, Scotland and Wales, were studied in the 1984-85 Health and Lifestyle Survey.
MEASUREMENTS: Following an interview where demographic, health and lifestyle details were recorded, measurements of height, weight and waist and hip circumference were made by a nurse at a home visit, where blood pressure and medication to control blood pressure were also recorded. BMI and the ratios of waist circumference to height (WHTR) and waist circumference to hip (WHR) were calculated. Respondents with a blood pressure above 140 mm Hg (systolic) and/or 90 mm Hg (diastolic) or who were being treated for hypertension were classified as having elevated blood pressure.
RESULTS: For men and women aged 18-39 and 40-64 y the prevalence of elevated blood pressure increased across the quintiles of BMI, weight, waist, WHTR and WHR was P < 0.001 for each, with waist and WHTR having the highest odds ratios. Waist and height adjusted for each other were independently related to the prevalence of elevated blood pressure in 40-64 y old men and women. Height, on its own, was inversely related (P < 0.05) only in the 40-64 y old men. The age adjusted partial correlations between systolic and diastolic blood pressure measurements and the measurements of BMI, weight, waist, WHTR and WHR were close and significant, P < 0.001 for each. The ranking and significance of the correlations were hardly affected by excluding the treated hypertensives.
CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of elevated blood pressure was associated with quintiles of BMI, waist, WHTR, WHR and weight, with WHTR and WHR having the highest odds ratios. Waist and height were independently related to the prevalence of elevated blood pressure.
B D Cox; M J Whichelow; M Ashwell; A T Prevost; S R Lejeune
Related Documents :
9553447 - Blood pressure among immigrants to israel from areas affected by the chernobyl disaster.
1791607 - The association between blood pressure, calcium and other divalent cations: a populatio...
1886487 - Physical activity, body composition, and blood pressure: a multimethod approach.
2311817 - An 'admission challenge test' to predict severe hypertension in pregnancy?
3370767 - Right ventricular diastolic pressure-volume relations and regional dimensions during ac...
24853907 - The relationship between blood pressure and sciatic nerve blood flow velocity in rats w...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of obesity and related metabolic disorders : journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity     Volume:  21     ISSN:  -     ISO Abbreviation:  Int. J. Obes. Relat. Metab. Disord.     Publication Date:  1997 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-10-14     Completed Date:  2005-02-07     Revised Date:  2014-06-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9313169     Medline TA:  Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  674-80     Citation Subset:  IM    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Body Composition*
Body Constitution*
Great Britain
Health Surveys
Hypertension / physiopathology*
Logistic Models
Middle Aged
Odds Ratio
Risk Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Is an ephedrine caffeine treatment contraindicated in hypertension?
Next Document:  Regulation of ammonia-metabolizing enzymes expression in the liver of obese rats: differences betwee...