Document Detail

Association of UV index, latitude, and melanoma incidence in nonwhite populations--US Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program, 1992 to 2001.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15837865     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the association between UV index, latitude, and melanoma incidence in different racial and ethnic populations in a high-quality national data set. DESIGN: Descriptive study. SETTING: Eleven US cancer registries that constitute the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program (SEER-11). PATIENTS: Patients with malignant melanoma of the skin reported between 1992 and 2001. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Pearson correlation coefficients and regression coefficients were used to estimate the relationship of age-adjusted melanoma incidence rates (2000 US standard population) with the UV index or latitude within racial and ethnic groups. RESULTS: A higher mean UV index was significantly associated with an increase in melanoma incidence only in non-Hispanic whites (r = 0.85, P = .001), although a nonsignificant association was noted in Native Americans (r = 0.42, P = .20). Negative, but not significant, correlations with incidence were observed in blacks (r = -0.53, P = .10), Hispanics (r = -0.43, P = .19), and Asians (r = -0.28, P = .41). Latitude also had a significant correlation with incidence only in non-Hispanic whites (r = -0.85, P = .001). A substantial portion of the variance in registry incidence in non-Hispanic whites could be explained by the UV index (R(2) = 0.71, P = .001). CONCLUSIONS: Melanoma incidence is associated with increased UV index and lower latitude only in non-Hispanic whites. No evidence to support the association of UV exposure and melanoma incidence in black or Hispanic populations was found.
Melody J Eide; Martin A Weinstock
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of dermatology     Volume:  141     ISSN:  0003-987X     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch Dermatol     Publication Date:  2005 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-04-19     Completed Date:  2005-05-10     Revised Date:  2008-03-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372433     Medline TA:  Arch Dermatol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  477-81     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Community Health, Brown University, USA.
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MeSH Terms
African Americans / statistics & numerical data*
European Continental Ancestry Group / statistics & numerical data
Hispanic Americans / statistics & numerical data*
Melanoma / diagnosis,  ethnology*
Population Surveillance
Risk Assessment
SEER Program
Sex Distribution
Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis,  ethnology*
Ultraviolet Rays / adverse effects*
United States / epidemiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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