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Association of Lower Habitual Physical Activity Level With Mitochondrial and Endothelial Dysfunction in Patients With Stable Coronary Artery Disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22813696     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Background: Exercise training improves endothelial function in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) through unclear mechanisms. We hypothesized that mitochondrial dysfunction related to a lower habitual physical activity level (PAL) is associated with endothelial dysfunction. Methods and Results: We assessed habitual PAL by a validated International Physical Activity Questionnaire, brachial flow-mediated dilation (FMD) and serum lactate, pyruvate, fasting glucose and lipid profiles in 105 CAD patients (age 68±10; 87% men). As defined by the lactate/pyruvate ratio (LP ratio) ≥75<sup>th</sup> percentile of the age-and sex-matched controls (ie, ≥18), mitochondrial dysfunction was observed in 33/105 (31%) patients. With decreasing PAL tertiles, there were significant linear trends of lower FMD (P=0.004) and higher LP ratio (P=0.009). Multivariate logistic regression found that the lowest compared with the highest PAL tertile (adjusted odds ratio=3.78, P=0.02) had more patients with high LP ratio. After adjustment for cardiovascular risk factors and medications, the lowest compared to the highest PAL tertile had significantly lower FMD (absolute decrease 1.25%, P=0.03); and high LP ratio was associated with impaired FMD (absolute reduction 1.09%, P=0.03). Conclusions: In CAD patients, a lower level of habitual PAL is associated with impaired FMD and increased prevalence of mitochondrial dysfunction as defined by high LP ratio. Moreover, high LP ratio predicts a lower FMD, suggesting that the occurrence of mitochondrial dysfunction with lower habitual PAL is associated with endothelial dysfunction in CAD patients.
Ting-Hin Luk; Yuk-Ling Dai; Chung-Wah Siu; Kai-Hang Yiu; Sheung-Wai Li; Bonnie Fong; Wai-Keung Wong; Sidney Tam; Hung-Fat Tse
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-7-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  Circulation journal : official journal of the Japanese Circulation Society     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1347-4820     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101137683     Medline TA:  Circ J     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Cardiology Division, Department of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong.
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