Document Detail

Association of Kidney Function, Vitamin D Deficiency, and Circulating Markers of Mineral and Bone Disorders in CKD.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21803465     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D (25 hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D]) deficiency is common in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Neither the relation of this deficiency to the decrease in glomerular filtration rate (GFR) nor the effects on CKD mineral and bone disorders (MBD) are clearly established. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of baseline data from a prospective cohort, the NephroTest Study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: 1,026 adult patients with all-stage CKD not on dialysis therapy or receiving vitamin D supplementation. PREDICTORS: For part 1, measured GFR (mGFR) using (51)Cr-EDTA renal clearance; for part 2, 25(OH)D deficiency at <15 ng/mL. OUTCOMES & MEASUREMENTS: For part 1, 25(OH)D deficiency and several circulating MBD markers; for part 2, circulating MBD markers. RESULTS: For part 1, the prevalence of 25(OH)D deficiency was associated inversely with mGFR, ranging from 28%-51% for mGFR ≥60-<15 mL/min/1.73 m(2). It was higher in patients of African origin; those with obesity, diabetes, hypertension, macroalbuminuria, and hypoalbuminemia; and during winter. After adjusting for these factors, ORs for 25(OH)D deficiency increased from 1.4 (95% CI, 0.9-2.3) to 1.4 (95% CI, 0.9-2.1), 1.7 (95% CI, 1.1-2.7), and 1.9 (95% CI, 1.1-3.6) as mGFR decreased from 45-59 to 30-44, 15-29, and <15 (reference, ≥60) mL/min/1.73 m(2) (P for trend = 0.02). For part 2, 25(OH)D deficiency was associated with higher age-, sex-, and mGFR-adjusted ORs of ionized calcium level <1.10 mmol/L (2.6; 95% CI, 1.2-5.9), 1,25 dihydroxyvitamin D concentration <16.7 pg/mL (1.8; 95% CI, 1.3-2.4), hyperparathyroidism (1.8; 95% CI, 1.3-2.4), and serum C-terminal cross-linked collagen type I telopeptides concentration >1,000 pg/mL (1.6; 95% CI, 1.0-2.6). It was not associated with hyperphosphatemia (phosphate >1.38 mmol/L). LIMITATIONS: Cross-sectional analysis of the data prevents causal inferences. CONCLUSIONS: 25(OH)D deficiency is related independently to impaired mGFR. Both mGFR decrease and 25(OH)D deficiency are associated with abnormal levels of circulating MBD biomarkers.
Pablo Ureña-Torres; Marie Metzger; Jean Philippe Haymann; Alexandre Karras; Jean-Jacques Boffa; Martin Flamant; François Vrtovsnik; Cédric Gauci; Marc Froissart; Pascal Houillier; Bénédicte Stengel;
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-7-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of kidney diseases : the official journal of the National Kidney Foundation     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1523-6838     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-8-1     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8110075     Medline TA:  Am J Kidney Dis     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 National Kidney Foundation, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Nephrology Dialysis, Clinique du Landy, Saint Ouen, France.
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