Document Detail

Association of clinical characteristics and cessation of tobacco, alcohol, and illicit drug use during pregnancy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21314757     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Pregnancy is a time of relative urgency and opportunity for the treatment of substance use disorders in women, yet little is known about modifiable factors that contribute to successful abstinence. We examined self-worth, depression, anxiety, and novelty seeking in the context of substance use cessation during pregnancy in a sample of women with a high prevalence of substance abuse. Subjects were 448 birth mothers who participated in a prospective adoption study. Discontinuation rates were: tobacco 22.2%, alcohol 64.7%, marijuana 77.2%, and other drugs, 73.7-100%. Depression, anxiety, and novelty seeking were lower among women who discontinued substance use, compared to those who did not. Self-worth was higher in women who discontinued substance use. Among 110 polysubstance users, the number of substances discontinued during pregnancy was correlated with depression, anxiety, and self-worth in the hypothesized direction. Possible clinical implications are discussed. 
Suena H Massey; Daniel Z Lieberman; David Reiss; Leslie D Leve; Daniel S Shaw; Jenae M Neiderhiser
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2010-12-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal on addictions / American Academy of Psychiatrists in Alcoholism and Addictions     Volume:  20     ISSN:  1521-0391     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Addict     Publication Date:    2011 Mar-Apr
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-02-14     Completed Date:  2011-06-06     Revised Date:  2014-09-20    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9208821     Medline TA:  Am J Addict     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  143-50     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© American Academy of Addiction Psychiatry.
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MeSH Terms
Alcohol Drinking / psychology*
Anxiety / complications,  psychology
Depression / complications,  psychology
Drug Users / psychology*
Exploratory Behavior
Pregnancy Complications / psychology*
Smoking / psychology*
Smoking Cessation / psychology*
Substance-Related Disorders / complications,  psychology*
Grant Support
DA020585/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; R01 DA020585/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; R01 DA020585-01A2/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; R01 HD042608/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 HD042608-05/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 HD042608-06A1/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 MH092118/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; R01HD042608/HD/NICHD NIH HHS

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