Document Detail

The association between teenage motherhood and poor offspring outcomes: a national cohort study across 30 years.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23632141     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Teenage motherhood is associated with poor offspring outcomes but these associations may be influenced by offspring birth year because of substantial social changes in recent decades. Existing research also has not examined whether these associations are due to the specific effect of mother's age at childbirth or factors shared by siblings in a family. We used a population-based cohort study in Sweden comprising all children born from 1960 to 1989 (N = 3,162,239), and a subsample of siblings differentially exposed to maternal teenage childbearing (N = 485,259) to address these limitations. We examined the effect of teenage childbearing on offspring violent and non-violent criminal convictions, poor academic performance, and substance-related problems. Population-wide teenage childbearing was associated with offspring criminal convictions, poor academic performance, and substance-related problems. The magnitude of these associations increased over time. Comparisons of differentially exposed siblings indicated no within-family association between teenage childbearing and offspring violent and non-violent criminal convictions or poor academic performance, although offspring born to teenage mothers were more likely to experience substance-related problems than their later-born siblings. Being born to a teenage mother in Sweden has become increasingly associated with negative outcomes across time, but the nature of this association may differ by outcome. Teenage childbearing may be associated with offspring violent and non-violent criminal convictions and poor academic performance because of shared familial risk factors, but may be causally associated with offspring substance-related problems. The findings suggest that interventions to improve offspring outcomes should delay teenage childbearing and also target risk factors influencing all offspring of teenage mothers.
Claire A Coyne; Niklas Långström; Paul Lichtenstein; Brian M D'Onofrio
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2013-05-01
Journal Detail:
Title:  Twin research and human genetics : the official journal of the International Society for Twin Studies     Volume:  16     ISSN:  1832-4274     ISO Abbreviation:  Twin Res Hum Genet     Publication Date:  2013 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-05-17     Completed Date:  2013-08-27     Revised Date:  2014-06-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101244624     Medline TA:  Twin Res Hum Genet     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  679-89     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Child Development*
Crime / statistics & numerical data
Educational Status
Logistic Models
Longitudinal Studies
Maternal Age
Pregnancy in Adolescence*
Proportional Hazards Models
Risk Factors
Substance-Related Disorders / epidemiology
Sweden / epidemiology
Violence / statistics & numerical data
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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