Document Detail

The Association Between Small Vessel Infarcts and the Activities of Amyloid-β Peptide Degrading Proteases in Apolipoprotein E4 AlleleCarriers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23076436     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Small vessel (SV) and large vessel (LV) brain infarcts are distinct pathologies. Using a homebound elderly sample, the numbers of either infarct subtypes were similar between those apolipoprotein E4 allele (ApoE4) carriers (n = 80) and noncarriers (n = 243). We found that the higher the number of SV infarcts, but not LV infarcts, a participant had, the higher the activity of substrate V degradation in serum especially among ApoE4 carriers (β = +0.154, SE = 0.031, P < .0001) after adjusting for the confounders. Since substrate V degradation could be mediated by insulin-degrading enzyme (IDE) or/and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), but no relationship was found between SV infarcts and specific ACE activities, blood IDE may be a useful biomarker to distinguish the brain infarct subtypes. Insulin-degrading enzyme in blood may also imply an important biomarker and a pathological event in Alzheimer disease through SV infarcts in the presence of ApoE4.
Haihao Zhu; Rafeeque A Bhadelia; Zhiheng Liu; Linh Vu; Huajie Li; Tammy Scott; Peter Bergethon; Mkaya Mwamburi; James L Rosenzweig; Irwine Rosenberg; Wei Qiao Qiu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  Angiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1940-1574     ISO Abbreviation:  Angiology     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0203706     Medline TA:  Angiology     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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