Document Detail


Association between hearing impairment and self-reported difficulty in physical functioning.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24779559     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether hearing impairment, defined by using objective audiometry, is associated with multiple categories of self-reported physical functioning in a cross-sectional, nationally representative sample of older adults.
DESIGN: Multivariate secondary analysis of cross-sectional data.
SETTING: The 2005-06 and 2009-10 cycles of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.
PARTICIPANTS: Adults aged 70 and older who completed audiometric testing (N = 1,669).
MEASUREMENTS: Hearing was measured using pure-tone audiometry. Physical functioning was assessed using a structured interview.
RESULTS: In a model adjusted for age and demographic and cardiovascular risk factors, greater hearing impairment (per 25 dB hearing level (HL)) was associated with greater odds of physical disability in activities of daily living (odds ratio (OR) = 1.4, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.1-1.9), instrumental activities of daily living (OR = 1.6, 95% CI = 1.2-2.2), leisure and social activities (OR = 1.5, 95% CI = 1.1-2.0), lower extremity mobility (OR = 1.4, 95% CI = 1.1-1.7), general physical activities (OR = 1.3, 95% CI = 1.1-1.6), work limitation (OR = 1.4, 95% CI = 1.0-1.9), walking limitation (OR = 1.6, 95% CI = 1.3-2.0), and limitation due to memory or confusion (OR = 1.4, 95% CI = 1.1-1.8). Hearing impairment was not associated with limitations in amount or type of work done (OR = 1.2, 95% CI = 1.0-1.6).
CONCLUSION: Hearing impairment in older adults is independently associated with greater disability and limitations in multiple self-reported categories of physical functioning.
Authors:
David S Chen; Dane J Genther; Joshua Betz; Frank R Lin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2014-04-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Geriatrics Society     Volume:  62     ISSN:  1532-5415     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Geriatr Soc     Publication Date:  2014 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-05-15     Completed Date:  2014-08-12     Revised Date:  2014-10-12    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503062     Medline TA:  J Am Geriatr Soc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  850-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2014, Copyright the Authors Journal compilation © 2014, The American Geriatrics Society.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Activities of Daily Living
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Audiometry, Pure-Tone
Confidence Intervals
Cross-Sectional Studies
Disability Evaluation*
Disabled Persons / rehabilitation*
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Hearing Loss / diagnosis,  epidemiology*,  rehabilitation
Humans
Incidence
Male
Motor Activity / physiology*
Nutrition Surveys / methods*
Odds Ratio
Physical Conditioning, Human / methods*
Prognosis
Retrospective Studies
Risk Factors
Self Report*
United States / epidemiology
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
K23 DC011279/DC/NIDCD NIH HHS; K23DC011279/DC/NIDCD NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections

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