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Association Between Adiposity and Blood Pressure Levels Between the Ages of 6 and 16 Years. Analysis in a Student Population From Madrid, Spain.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23218421     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: The increase in the incidence of hypertension in children can be attributed to the rising prevalence of obesity. The objective is to analyze the impact of overweight and the degree or distribution of adiposity on blood pressure levels in a population of Spanish schoolchildren. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out in 1511 schoolchildren between 6 years and 16 years of age. We measured weight, height, waist circumference, subcutaneous skinfolds, and blood pressure. Nutritional categories were established on the basis of body mass index, waist-to-height ratio, and percent body fat. According to the National High Blood Pressure Education Program Working Group, subjects whose blood pressure was above the 90th percentile of the standard normal distribution were considered to have high blood pressure. RESULTS: In all, 3.17% of the boys and 3.05% of the girls had high blood pressure. According to odds ratio analysis, the risk of high blood pressure increased in individuals with a body mass index indicative of obesity (7.87-fold in boys, 12.32-fold in girls), with a percent body fat>97th percentile (6.98-fold in boys, 18.51-fold in girls), or with a waist-to-height ratio≥0.5 (10.56-fold in boys, 7.82-fold in girls). CONCLUSIONS: Overweight and obesity increase the risk of high blood pressure in children between 6 years and 16 years of age, although the risk level varies depending on the amount and distribution of adipose tissue. Anthropometric indicators of relative adiposity and fat distribution are especially useful in the identification of children and adolescents with high blood pressure. Full English text available
M Dolores Marrodán Serrano; M Dolores Cabañas Armesilla; M Margarita Carmenate Moreno; Marisa González-Montero de Espinosa; Noemí López-Ejeda; Jesús R Martínez Álvarez; Consuelo Prado Martínez; Juan F Romero-Collazos
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-12-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  Revista espanola de cardiologia     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1579-2242     ISO Abbreviation:  Rev Esp Cardiol     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0404277     Medline TA:  Rev Esp Cardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG; SPA     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Sociedad Española de Cardiología. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.
Grupo de Investigación EPINUT-UCM, Madrid, España; Sociedad Española de Dietética y Ciencias de la Alimentación (SEDCA), Madrid, España. Electronic address:
Vernacular Title:
Asociación entre adiposidad corporal y presión arterial entre los 6 y los 16 años. Análisis en una población escolar madrileña.
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