Document Detail

Associated cutaneous diseases in obese adult patients: a prospective study from a skin referral care center.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21454995     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Objective: The aim of the present study was to determine the spectrum of skin diseases seen among adult obese patients referred to Farwaniya Hospital. Materials and Methods: A total of 437 overweight/obese subjects (200 men and 237 women) aged 18-74 years were enrolled in the study, which was conducted from October 2008 to November 2009. Demographic details such as age, sex, occupation, personal and family history of diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and obesity were recorded. A thorough examination was performed by an experienced dermatologist (N.A.M.). Blood investigations such as complete blood count, fasting and postprandial blood sugar levels, liver function tests, kidney function tests, lipid profile, and thyroid function tests were done for all patients in addition to hormonal assay and abdominal sonar to exclude polycystic ovary disease for indicated patients. Results: Common skin diseases found among these patients were plantar hyperkeratosis: n = 197; acanthosis nigricans: n = 144; skin tags: n = 131; striae cutis distensae: n = 102; intertrigo: n = 97; acne vulgaris: n = 94. Diabetes mellitus was diagnosed in 87 patients, polycystic ovary syndrome/hyperandrogenism in 74 female patients, and hyperlipidemia in 209 patients. Conclusion: This study shows that certain dermatoses such as plantar hyperkeratosis, acanthosis nigricans, skin tags, striae cutis distensae, and intertrigo are more common among obese persons. Some, such as plantar hyperkeratosis, could serve as markers of obesity and its severity, while the presence of acanthosis nigricans and skin tags may point to underlying internal disease such as diabetes and polycystic ovary syndrome.
Nawaf Al-Mutairi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2011-03-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medical principles and practice : international journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre     Volume:  20     ISSN:  1423-0151     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Princ Pract     Publication Date:  2011  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-04-01     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8901334     Medline TA:  Med Princ Pract     Country:  Switzerland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  248-52     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel.
Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Health Sciences Centre, Kuwait University, Jabriya, Kuwait.
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