Document Detail

Associated anomalies among infants with oral clefts at birth and during a 1-year follow-up.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21671378     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Reports of birth defects rates may focus on defects observed in the newborn period or include defects diagnosed at older ages. However, little information is available on the rates of additional anomalies detected after birth or on the ages at which such anomalies are diagnosed. The aims of this work were to describe the initial diagnoses of oral clefts, isolated or associated with other defects, in newborn infants ascertained in hospitals of the ECLAMC network, and diagnostic changes that occurred due to detection of additional defects during a 1-year follow-up period. Seven hundred ten liveborn infants with cleft lip only (CLO), cleft lip with cleft palate (CLP), or cleft palate (CP) were ascertained between 2003 and 2005. Prevalence estimates of isolated and associated (ASO) clefts, diagnoses in infants with associated clefts, and the percentage of isolated clefts that were reclassified as associated were established. Birth prevalence estimates (per 1,000) were as follows: Total: 1.7; CLP: 0.94 (ASO = 23.5%); CP: 0.46 (ASO = 42.3%); CLO: 0.28 (ASO = 7.6%). Initial diagnoses in infants with associated clefts included 38 infants with chromosomal abnormalities, 33 with non-chromosomal syndromes, 16 with malformation sequences, and 98 with multiple anomalies of unknown etiology. Seven percent of newborns initially classified as isolated were later reclassified as associated. Ten infants without associated defects or clinically suspected syndromes were diagnosed as syndromic only through laboratory findings or family history, illustrating the difference between the terms associated versus isolated, which refers to presence or absence of associated anomalies, and syndromic versus non-syndromic, which refers to etiology.
Monica Rittler; Viviana Cosentino; Jorge S López-Camelo; Jeffrey C Murray; George Wehby; Eduardo E Castilla
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2011-06-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of medical genetics. Part A     Volume:  155A     ISSN:  1552-4833     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Med. Genet. A     Publication Date:  2011 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-06-23     Completed Date:  2011-10-14     Revised Date:  2014-09-24    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101235741     Medline TA:  Am J Med Genet A     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1588-96     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
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MeSH Terms
Abnormalities, Multiple / diagnosis*,  epidemiology*,  genetics
Cleft Lip / complications*,  diagnosis*,  epidemiology*,  genetics,  mortality
Cleft Palate / complications,  diagnosis,  epidemiology,  mortality
Follow-Up Studies
Genetic Testing
Infant, Newborn
South America / epidemiology
Grant Support
P50 DE016215/DE/NIDCR NIH HHS; P50 DE016215-05/DE/NIDCR NIH HHS; R01DE08559/DE/NIDCR NIH HHS; R37 DE008559/DE/NIDCR NIH HHS; R37 DE008559-18/DE/NIDCR NIH HHS; R37 DE008559-19/DE/NIDCR NIH HHS; R37 DE008559-20/DE/NIDCR NIH HHS; R37 DE008559-21/DE/NIDCR NIH HHS; U01 DE020057/DE/NIDCR NIH HHS; U01 DE020057-03/DE/NIDCR NIH HHS; U01 DE020057-04/DE/NIDCR NIH HHS; U01 HD040561/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; U01 HD040561-04/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; U01 HD040561-05/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; U01HD-40561/HD/NICHD NIH HHS

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