Document Detail

Assessment of valvular surfaces in children with a congenital bicuspid aortic valve: Preliminary three-dimensional echocardiographic study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23769404     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
BACKGROUND: Congenital bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is the most common congenital heart defect and may be responsible for aortic stenosis early in life. However, its pathogenesis remains unclear. A relationship between the severity of aortic stenosis and valvular surfaces has not been reported in the paediatric population.
AIMS: To assess the feasibility of three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiographic planimetry in congenital BAV in children and to evaluate the influence of valvular asymmetry and aortic valve area (AVA) on stenosis severity.
METHODS: Seventy consecutive children with BAV were included in this prospective single-centre study. Using the multiplanar review mode, surfaces were measured by planimetry (in systole for AVA and diastole for cusp surfaces). The degree of stenosis was assessed by instantaneous aortic Doppler. Results are expressed as medians and first and third quartiles.
RESULTS: Median age was 5.6 years (2.2-11.5). Feasibility was 97%. Intra- and interobserver concordances were excellent for the measurement of cusp surfaces and AVA. Among the 70 children, 25 had aortic stenosis. The small/large cusp ratio was strongly associated with aortic stenosis (P<0.001). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.89 (95% confidence interval 0.82-0.97). The best cut-off value for differentiating stenotic from non-stenotic valve was 0.75, with 84% sensitivity and 83% specificity. When indexed for body surface area, AVA was significantly smaller (P=0.031) in case of stenotic BAV (1.51cm(2) [0.99-2.28]) compared with non-stenotic BAV (1.99cm(2) [1.57-2.52]).
CONCLUSIONS: Three-dimensional echocardiographic planimetry is a feasible and reproducible method for assessing aortic surfaces in congenital BAV. Aortic stenosis seems to strongly depend on the asymmetry of the valve.
Thomas Cognet; Pierre-Emmanuel Séguéla; Emilie Thomson; Frédéric Bouisset; Olivier Lairez; Sébastien Hascoët; Didier Carrié; Philippe Acar
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2013-03-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of cardiovascular diseases     Volume:  106     ISSN:  1875-2128     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch Cardiovasc Dis     Publication Date:  2013 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-06-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101465655     Medline TA:  Arch Cardiovasc Dis     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  295-302     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
Paediatric Cardiology Unit, Children's Hospital, Toulouse University Hospital, Toulouse, France; Department of Cardiology, Toulouse University Hospital, Toulouse, France.
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