Document Detail

Assessment of two methods to reduce simulated +Gz-induced arm pain using a non-centrifuge model.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11543407     Owner:  NASA     Status:  MEDLINE    
Complaints of +Gz-induced arm pain have been expressed by centrifuge subjects and, to a lesser degree, by high performance fighter pilots, usually when the control stick and throttle are positioned below heart level; the pain may be higher during pressure breathing for +Gz protection. Elevated transmural pressure and overdistension of the blood vessels in the arms have been suggested as causal factors. An earlier-developed non-centrifuge model was used to provoke arm pain similar to that induced by +Gz exposure. Eleven healthy subjects placed inside a hyperbaric chamber with an arm externalized through a sealed opening. They were exposed to chamber pressures at 75, 100 and 125 mmHg fitted with elastic bandage of the arm, or a localized pressure of 50 mmHg applied to the vessels of the upper arm or were provided no protection (control). Arm pain was estimated using a modified Borg scale. The sizes of the ulnar, radial and interosseous arteries, and corresponding veins, at the elbow level were measured using a sonographic imaging system. No statistically significant differences in pain were detected comparing control to proposed (counteracting) devices. There were no statistical differences in arm arterial or venous vessel size with the different devices at the different pressures. Thus, the devices tested did not show any protection against the provoked arm pain.
U I Balldin; L P Krock
Related Documents :
11168307 - Arterial pressure measurements using infrared photosensors: comparison with cw doppler.
426547 - Patient and operation selectivity. the peripheral vascular laboratory.
3065437 - Variability of ankle and brachial systolic pressures in the measurement of atherosclero...
15771277 - A new probe for ankle systolic pressure measurement using photoplethysmography (ppg).
3535347 - Studies of vasopressin in the human cerebrospinal fluid.
11827127 - Variations in cardiac activity following acute exposure to copper in three co-occurring...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Safe journal     Volume:  29     ISSN:  0191-6319     ISO Abbreviation:  SAFE J     Publication Date:  1999 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-10-28     Completed Date:  2000-10-28     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100971494     Medline TA:  SAFE J     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  16-21     Citation Subset:  S    
Air Force Research Laboratory, Brooks Air Force Base, Texas 78232-5104, USA.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Aerospace Medicine
Arm / blood supply*,  physiology,  ultrasonography
Atmosphere Exposure Chambers
Blood Vessels / physiology*,  ultrasonography
Centrifugation / adverse effects
Evaluation Studies as Topic
Hypergravity / adverse effects*
Pain / etiology,  prevention & control*
Pain Measurement
Regional Blood Flow

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Straining GOR tolerance determinations are a measure of G-duration not G-level tolerance.
Next Document:  Soft x-ray spectroscopy from image sequences with sub-100 nm spatial resolution.