Document Detail


Assessment of regional myocardial wall stress before and after surgical correction of functional ischaemic mitral regurgitation using multidetector computed tomography and novel software system.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20619218     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to assess changes in left ventricular (LV) volume, function and regional myocardial wall stress in non-infarcted segments following restrictive mitral annuloplasty (RMA) in patients with ischaemic cardiomyopathy (ICM) and severe functional mitral regurgitation (MR).
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-two patients with ICM (ejection fraction <35%) and severe MR were investigated before and 3 months after RMA using cine-angiographic multidetector row computed tomography (cine-MDCT). For comparative purposes, 38 normal subjects were also studied. Cine-MDCT LV images were reconstructed in a cardiac cycle and regional circumferential wall stress (end-systolic stress (ESS)) was evaluated from the LV end-systolic image using Janz's method. The ESS was determined in six basal and six mid-LV segments of the ventricle based on AHA/ASE criteria. Five apical infarcted segments were not analysed. Mean circumferential fibre shortening (CFS) in both basal and mid-LV regions was determined as a parameter of regional systolic performance.
RESULTS: Left ventricular end-diastolic volume (index) (LVEDVI) and left ventricular end-systolic volume (index) (LVESVI) decreased significantly and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) increased after surgery. Neither end-systolic nor end-diastolic sphericity index changed significantly after surgery. Regional ESS significantly decreased in both basal and mid-LV regions after surgery. There was a significant inverse correlation between the change in average value of regional ESS and magnitude of increase in mean CFS of the mid-LV region (r=-0.67, p=0.0018). Postoperative reduction in ESS in the mid-LV region was also correlated with improvement in global EF (r=-0.72, p<0.01).
CONCLUSION: The present cine-MDCT may be useful for assessing regional myocardial stress in patients with ICM. We found that RMA could reduce both end-diastolic and end-systolic volume leading to reduction in regional systolic wall stress, which resulted in improved ejection performance of non-infarcted myocardium in patients with functional MR and ICM.
Authors:
Yasuhiro Shudo; Kazuhiro Taniguchi; Koji Takeda; Taichi Sakaguchi; Hajime Matsue; Hironori Izutani; Goro Matsumiya; Yoshiki Sawa
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-06-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery : official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery     Volume:  38     ISSN:  1873-734X     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Cardiothorac Surg     Publication Date:  2010 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-07-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8804069     Medline TA:  Eur J Cardiothorac Surg     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  163-70     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2010 European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Suita, Osaka, Japan.
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