Document Detail

Assessment and reduction of food stealing in Prader-Willi children.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6660865     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A common behavior problem among Prader-Willi children is inappropriate foraging for food. Theft and subsequent consumption often go undetected and contribute to morbid obesity in many of these individuals. In this study an observational methodology was developed to assess food stealing in two children with Prader-Willi syndrome. The children were observed to steal food at a high rates under baseline conditions in three hospital settings. Subsequent treatment, based on differential reinforcement of other behavior (DRO), consisted of reinforcement of nonstealing at the end of progressively lengthening intervals, and was implemented in multiple baseline fashion across both subjects and settings. Results showed that both subjects' stealing rapidly ceased in treated settings, but failed to show generalization to untreated settings. Follow-up data collected in one setting after termination of active intervention reflected continued nonoccurrence of food stealing, although long-term weight data were not encouraging. Results are discussed in terms of their methodological contribution to the study and treatment of Prader-Willi syndrome.
T J Page; J W Finney; J M Parrish; B A Iwata
Related Documents :
18346855 - Effects of reinforcer quality and step size on rats' performance under progressive rati...
5491005 - Effects of d-amphetamine and chlordiazepoxide on spaced responding in pigeons.
17024335 - The role of motivation in the performance of conditioned reflex switching of a maze ski...
708145 - Effects of ethanol on behavior under fixed-ratio, fixed-interval, and multiple fixed-ra...
7741535 - Increased insulin responses to ingested foods are associated with lessened satiety.
21773735 - Challenges and trends in the determination of selected chemical contaminants and allerg...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Applied research in mental retardation     Volume:  4     ISSN:  0270-3092     ISO Abbreviation:  Appl Res Ment Retard     Publication Date:  1983  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1984-02-24     Completed Date:  1984-02-24     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8101119     Medline TA:  Appl Res Ment Retard     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  219-28     Citation Subset:  IM    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Behavior Therapy / methods*
Body Weight
Follow-Up Studies
Generalization (Psychology)
Obesity / etiology
Prader-Willi Syndrome / complications,  rehabilitation*
Reinforcement Schedule
Theft / prevention & control*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Mental retardation in Swedish urban children: some epidemiological considerations.
Next Document:  Using water mist to reduce self-injurious and stereotypic behavior.