Document Detail


Assessment of prehospital care and disaster preparedness in a rural Guatemala clinic.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21838063     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
INTRODUCTION: In October 2005, Hurricane Stan impacted Central America, causing severe damage to Guatemala. The main objectives of this study are to report on the effects of Hurricane Stan in rural Guatemala, to assess the responses of a rural clinic during and after the storm, and to identify ways in which the clinic can better prepare for future disasters. The clinic is located in Catarina, San Marcos, Guatemala. Roughly 400-500 patients are attended to each week at the clinic.
METHODS: Survey data were obtained during a two-week period using a convenience sample of people at the clinic and in the surrounding community.
RESULTS: The major medical problems after the impact of Hurricane Stan included fungal infections, upper respiratory infections, diarrhea, and emotional problems. The most needed supplies included food, electricity, home repair, potable water, communication, and clothing. In the immediate aftermath of event, 61% of the participants could not get to a hospital; however, most did not require medical assistance.
CONCLUSIONS: Hurricane Stan had a devastating effect on the San Marcos region of Guatemala. While the clinic could have served as a resource center and a base, it was not prepared to address the community's health needs after the hurricane as there were no previous plans in place for disaster response for the clinic or for the community. Next steps include developing a preparedness plan to utilize the clinic as a local resource center , in the event that the planned national disaster responses are delayed or unable to reach the affected area.
Authors:
Janet Y Lin; Renee King; Naina Bhalla; Caroline Brander
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Prehospital and disaster medicine     Volume:  26     ISSN:  1049-023X     ISO Abbreviation:  Prehosp Disaster Med     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-08-15     Completed Date:  2011-09-06     Revised Date:  2011-12-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8918173     Medline TA:  Prehosp Disaster Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  27-32     Citation Subset:  T    
Affiliation:
Department of Emergency Medicine, College of Medicine University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA. jlin7@uic.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Civil Defense*
Cyclonic Storms*
Disaster Planning*
Emergency Medical Services
Floods
Guatemala
Humans
Rural Health Services*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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