Document Detail

Assessment of postoperative pain and hospital discharge after inguinal and iliohypogastric nerve block for inguinal hernia repair under spinal anesthesia: a prospective study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22012289     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to evaluate analgesia (pain intensity and analgesic consumption) and the time of discharge of patients who underwent ilioinguinal (II) and iliohypogastric (IH) nerve block associated with wound infiltration with 0.75% ropivacaine, or not, after inguinal hernia repair surgery under spinal anesthesia.
METHODS: This was a prospective, randomized, double-blind study with 34 patients undergoing inguinal hernia repair. Patients were divided into two groups: control (C) and II and IH nerve block (B). Group C (n = 17) received spinal anesthesia with 15 mg hyperbaric 0.5% bupivacaine and Group B (n = 17) received spinal anesthesia with 15 mg hyperbaric 0.5% bupivacaine associated with II and IH nerve block (10 mL of 0.75% ropivacaine) and surgical wound infiltration (10 mL of 0.75% ropivacaine). The following data were analyzed: demographic data, pain intensity according to the visual analog scale (VAS), and number of doses of analgesics (dipyrone, ketorolac and nalbuphine) in the immediate postoperative period, as well as at the time of hospital discharge.
RESULTS: The VAS at rest was significantly lower in Group B compared with Group C (p < 0.05), three hours after the procedure, with no differences on VAS during movement in all postoperative periods. The number of doses of analgesics during the postoperative period was similar in both groups, but patients in Group B were discharged earlier than in Group C.
CONCLUSION: II and IH nerve block associated with surgical wound infiltration with 0.75% ropivacaine provides better postoperative analgesia and early hospital discharge in patients undergoing inguinal hernia repair under spinal anesthesia.
Guilherme de Castro Santos; Gisela Magalhães Braga; Fábio Lopes Queiroz; Túlio Pinho Navarro; Renato Santiago Gomez
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira (1992)     Volume:  57     ISSN:  0104-4230     ISO Abbreviation:  Rev Assoc Med Bras     Publication Date:    2011 Sep-Oct
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-10-20     Completed Date:  2012-03-07     Revised Date:  2012-04-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9308586     Medline TA:  Rev Assoc Med Bras     Country:  Brazil    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng; por     Pagination:  545-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Curso de Pós-graduação em Ciências Aplicadas a Cirurgia e Oftalmologia, Departamento de Cirurgia, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Anesthesia, Spinal / methods
Anesthetics, Local*
Double-Blind Method
Hernia, Inguinal / surgery*
Length of Stay
Middle Aged
Nerve Block / methods*
Pain Measurement
Pain, Postoperative / prevention & control*
Prospective Studies
Time Factors
Young Adult
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Amides; 0/Anesthetics, Local; 2180-92-9/Bupivacaine; 84057-95-4/ropivacaine

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