Document Detail

Assessment of plasma prothrombotic factors in patients with Buerger's disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23358197     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
The pathogenesis of Buerger' disease (thrombangiitis obliterans; TAO) remains unknown, although a strong association with tobacco use has been established. Blood coagulation and fibrinolytic factors as well as selected clinical chemistry parameters have been evaluated in 37 patients with Buerger's disease. Median levels of prothrombotic factors were higher in patients with TAO than in healthy control: annexin V (P < 0.0003), factor VII (P < 0.0001), factor VIII (P < 0.0000001), factor XI (P < 0.000003), homocysteine (P < 0.014) and fibrinogen (P = 0.00007). Patients with Buerger's disease also showed higher median plasma levels of urokinase type plasminogen activator (uPA) (P < 0.000004), its receptor (uPAR) (P < 0.0008) and uPA complex with plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (uPA-PAI-1) P < 0.000006). In contrast, plasma concentrations of apolipoprotein A and folic acid were lower in patients with TAO than in control (P < 0.004 and P < 0.0006; respectively). Higher plasminogen (P < 0.05) and cholesterol (P < 0.003), as well as lower folic acid (P < .0.05) levels were noted in the smokers group than in nonsmoking patients. We found higher plasminogen (P < 0.05), factor VII (P < 0.05), total lipids (P < 0.003), cholesterol (P < 0.05) and triglycerides (P < 0.002) levels in patients requiring surgical treatment for limb-threatening ischaemia than the patients treated only conservatively. These findings suggest an important role of haemostatic risk factors in the pathogenesis of Buerger's disease, with special regard to hyperhomocysteinemia that might be aggravated by low serum folic acid level. In patients with aggressive clinical course, disturbances in serum lipids were more pronounced. Further studies are warranted to establish whether diet supplementation of folic acid as well as normalization of lipids balance might influence the clinical course of TAO.
Iwona Hus; Bozena Sokolowska; Adam Walter-Croneck; Marek Chrapko; Aleksandra Nowaczynska; Anna Dmoszynska
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Blood coagulation & fibrinolysis : an international journal in haemostasis and thrombosis     Volume:  24     ISSN:  1473-5733     ISO Abbreviation:  Blood Coagul. Fibrinolysis     Publication Date:  2013 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-29     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9102551     Medline TA:  Blood Coagul Fibrinolysis     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  133-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
aDepartment of Hematooncology and Bone Marrow Transplantation, Medical University of Lublin bDepartment of Vascular Surgery, Specialist Provincial Hospital in Lublin cDepartment of Vascular Surgery and Angiology, Medical University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland. *Iwona Hus and Bozena Sokolowska contributed equally to the writing of this article.
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