Document Detail

Assessment of plaque vulnerability by angioscopic classification of plaque color.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15309005     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: The disruption of yellow plaque and subsequent thrombosis is regarded as the mechanism of acute coronary syndrome. However, there are limited reports on the assessment of plaque vulnerability. Therefore, we tested whether the angioscopically determined yellow color intensity of plaque is associated with the prevalence of thrombosis on the plaque. METHODS: The angioscopic images of 843 patients who underwent catheterization and angioscopic examination from November 1999 to July 2003 for the diagnosis of coronary artery diseases were analyzed. Suspected culprit vessel was observed by angioscopy, and the yellow color intensity (1, light yellow; 2, yellow; 3, intensive yellow) of all yellow plaques (n = 1253) detected in the nonstenotic (diameter stenosis <50%) coronary segments was determined, as well as whether there was thrombosis on the plaques. RESULTS: The number of detected yellow plaques was 345, 721, and 187 for color grade 1, 2, and 3, respectively. The prevalence of thrombosis detected by angioscopy (15%, 26%, and 52% on the plaque of color grade 1, 2, and 3, respectively, P <.0001) was significantly higher on the plaque of higher yellow color grade. CONCLUSIONS: The yellow color intensity of plaque determined by angioscopy was strongly related with the prevalence of thrombosis on the plaque. The yellow color intensity may be a marker of plaque vulnerability.
Yasunori Ueda; Tomohito Ohtani; Masahiko Shimizu; Atsushi Hirayama; Kazuhisa Kodama
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American heart journal     Volume:  148     ISSN:  1097-6744     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. Heart J.     Publication Date:  2004 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-08-13     Completed Date:  2005-01-13     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370465     Medline TA:  Am Heart J     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  333-5     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Cardiovascular Division, Osaka Police Hospital, Osaka, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Analysis of Variance
Chi-Square Distribution
Coronary Artery Disease / complications,  pathology*
Coronary Thrombosis / complications,  pathology*
Coronary Vessels / pathology
Middle Aged

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