Document Detail

Assessment of periodontal status with CPITN and conventional periodontal indices.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1960234     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This study compared CPITN with plaque index (PlI), gingival index (GI), papilla bleeding index (PBI), and probeable pocket depth (PPD). 52 patients were examined, mean age 43 years. Partial mouth random recording (2 upper and 1 lower or 1 upper and 2 lower sextants) was made by CPITN of 150 sextants, and at 6 sites around each tooth in each sextant for each index using a pressure-sensitive probe, with Newman tip and Williams markings, and a WHO 621 tip, probing pressure 0.25 N. Ranges of each index were compared with corresponding CPITN data. Most (71%) sextants had CPITN scores of 4, indicating periodontitis. None had CPITN scored 0 or 1. A given CPITN code was found to represent extremes of ranges for all other indices evaluated. There was no relation between CPITN and PlI or GI, nor did CPITN reflect the number of sites affected per sextant, but there was a tendency for CPITN to relate with PBI and PPD. It was concluded that CPITN may be used as a general indicator of bleeding and pocket depth, but not of plaque or gingivitis. Other indices are required to reliably assess chronic inflammatory periodontal disease status in a given mouth.
K Almas; J S Bulman; H N Newman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of clinical periodontology     Volume:  18     ISSN:  0303-6979     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Clin. Periodontol.     Publication Date:  1991 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-01-07     Completed Date:  1992-01-07     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0425123     Medline TA:  J Clin Periodontol     Country:  DENMARK    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  654-9     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
Department of Community Dental Health, Eastman Dental Hospital, British Postgraduate Medical Federation, University of London, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Chronic Disease
Community Dentistry / methods,  standards*
Dental Health Surveys
Dental Plaque Index
Evaluation Studies as Topic
Gingival Hemorrhage / diagnosis,  epidemiology,  pathology
Health Services Needs and Demand*
London / epidemiology
Middle Aged
Periodontal Index*
Periodontal Pocket / diagnosis,  epidemiology,  pathology
Periodontitis / diagnosis,  epidemiology*,  pathology
Reproducibility of Results

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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