Document Detail

Assessment of patients with isolated or combined dystonia: an update on dystonia syndromes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23893445     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The clinical evaluation of a patient with dystonia is a stepwise process, beginning with classification of the phenomenology of the movement disorder(s), then formulation of the dystonia syndrome, which, in turn, leads to a targeted etiological differential diagnosis. In recent years, there have been significant advances in our understanding of the etiological basis of dystonia, aided especially by discoveries in imaging and genetics. In this review, we provide an update on the assessment of a patient with dystonia, including the phenomenology of dystonia and highlighting how to integrate clinical, imaging, blood, and neurophysiological investigations in order to formulate a dystonia syndrome. Evolving or emerging dystonia syndromes are reviewed, and potential etiologies of these as well as established dystonia syndromes listed to guide diagnostic testing. © 2013 Movement Disorder Society.
Victor S C Fung; H A Jinnah; Kailash Bhatia; Marie Vidailhet
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Movement disorders : official journal of the Movement Disorder Society     Volume:  28     ISSN:  1531-8257     ISO Abbreviation:  Mov. Disord.     Publication Date:  2013 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-07-29     Completed Date:  2014-02-26     Revised Date:  2014-11-04    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8610688     Medline TA:  Mov Disord     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  889-98     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2013 Movement Disorder Society.
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MeSH Terms
Databases, Factual / statistics & numerical data
Diagnosis, Differential
Dystonia / classification,  diagnosis*,  etiology*,  physiopathology
Movement Disorders / complications*
Grant Support

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