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Assessment of myocardial performance in preterm infants less than 29 weeks gestation during the transitional period.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25463828     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: The transitional circulation and its effect on myocardial performance are poorly understood in preterm infants.
AIMS: We assessed myocardial performance in infants less than 29weeks gestation in the first 48h of life using a comprehensive echocardiographic assessment.
DESIGN: Infants <29weeks gestation were prospectively enrolled. Small for gestation, infants on inotropes and/or inhaled nitric oxide and septic infants were excluded. Conventional echocardiography, left ventricular (LV), septal and right ventricular (RV) tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) and tissue Doppler-derived strain and strain rate (SR), tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) and global RV fractional area change (FAC) were assessed at a median of 10 and 45h post-delivery.
RESULTS: Fifty-four infants with a median [IQR] gestation and birth weight of 26.5 weeks [25.8-28.0 weeks] and 915 g [758-1142 g] were included. There was no change in shortening or ejection fraction across the two time points. Systolic and diastolic TDI of the LV, septum and RV increased across the two time points (all p values≤0.01). There was an increase in septal peak systolic and early diastolic SR (p=0.002). Septal systolic strain and late diastolic SR did not change. With the exception of RV strain and early diastolic SR, all RV functional parameters including SR, late diastolic SR, TAPSE, and FAC increased across the two time points (all p values<0.01).
CONCLUSION: Describing the normal hemodynamic adaptations in stable preterm infants during the transitional period provides the necessary information for the assessment of those parameters in various disease states.
Authors:
Adam T James; John D Corcoran; Amish Jain; Patrick J McNamara; Luc Mertens; Orla Franklin; Afif F El-Khuffash
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-10-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Early human development     Volume:  90     ISSN:  1872-6232     ISO Abbreviation:  Early Hum. Dev.     Publication Date:  2014 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-12-2     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-12-3    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7708381     Medline TA:  Early Hum Dev     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  829-835     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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