Document Detail


Assessment of left ventricular regional wall motion and ejection fraction with low-radiation dose helical dual-source CT: Comparison to two-dimensional echocardiography.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21367686     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Electrocardiographic (ECG)-based tube current modulation during cardiac CT reduces radiation exposure but significantly increases noise in parts of the cardiac cycle where tube current is minimized. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the effect of maximal ECG-based tube current reduction on left ventricular (LV) regional wall motion assessment and ejection fraction (EF) by comparing low-radiation helical dual-source CT (DSCT) to 2-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography (2D-TTE). METHODS: We studied 83 consecutive patients (15 with prior myocardial infarction) who underwent helically acquired DSCT coronary angiography with maximal ECG-based tube current modulation (low-radiation helical DSCT) and 2D-TTE within a 6-month period (median, 1 day), without any change in clinical status between the studies. In all patients, full tube current was applied only at 70% of the R-R interval, with minimal tube current (4% of maximum) in all other parts of the cardiac cycle. Reduced tube voltage (100 kVp) was combined with the maximal dose modulation in 34 patients. DSCT datasets were evaluated by a blinded, experienced cardiologist. Regional wall motion was assessed with the standard 17-segment model, with each segment scored as normal, hypokinetic, akinetic, and dyskinetic. RESULTS: Mean effective radiation dose for the low-radiation helical DSCT was 5.2 ± 1.7 mSv. Regional wall motion was evaluable in all segments on low-radiation helical DSCT. There was excellent agreement of wall motion scoring by low-radiation helical DSCT and 2D-TTE in 1382 of 1411 segments (98%; Cohen's κ value 0.83; 95% confidence interval, 0.76-0.89; P < 0.0001). Mean LVEF was 67.6% ± 10.3% on low-radiation helical DSCT and 61.8% ± 10.3% on 2D-TTE (P < 0.0001). CONCLUSION: Low-radiation dose helical coronary CT angiography with maximal ECG-based tube current modulation is comparable to 2D-TTE for regional wall motion and EF assessment.
Authors:
Ryo Nakazato; Balaji K Tamarappoo; Thomas W Smith; Victor Y Cheng; Damini Dey; Haim Shmilovich; Ariel Gutstein; Swaminatha Gurudevan; Sean W Hayes; Louise E J Thomson; John D Friedman; Daniel S Berman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-1-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of cardiovascular computed tomography     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1876-861X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-3-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101308347     Medline TA:  J Cardiovasc Comput Tomogr     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Society of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Departments of Imaging (Division of Nuclear Medicine) and Medicine (Division of Cardiology), Cedars-Sinai Heart Institute, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, 8700 Beverly Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90048, USA.
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