Document Detail

Assessment of intra-operative techniques to prevent visual axis opacification in congenital cataract surgery.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23021228     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of various surgical procedures in the management of posterior capsule and anterior vitreous on the prevention of visual axis opacification. SUBJECTS, MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 120 eyes operated for unilateral congenital cataracts, with a median age at the time of cataract surgery of 21 months (interquartile range, 6-52 months). The eyes were divided into 3 groups: group 1 (eyes with intact posterior capsule, n=39), group 2 (eyes with posterior continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis, n=38), group 3 (eyes with posterior continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis and anterior vitrectomy, n=43). RESULTS: To determine the effect of posterior continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis on visual axis opacification we compared group 2 with group 1 (chi-square Pearson test, P=.281), therefore in this study the implementation of the posterior continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis did not show any decreases in the incidence of visual axis opacification. To study the effect of posterior continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis associated anterior vitrectomy, we compared group 3 with group 1 (chi-square Pearson test, P=.014), demonstrating that the combination of both techniques (posterior continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis and anterior vitrectomy) decreases the incidence of visual axis opacification. CONCLUSION: Posterior continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis as a single technique did not show any decrease in the incidence of visual axis opacification. Posterior continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis together with anterior vitrectomy are required to prevent visual axis opacification and to decrease reoperation rate.
R Borghol-Kassar; J L Menezo-Rozalén; M A Harto-Castaño; M C Desco-Esteban
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-5-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archivos de la Sociedad Espanola de Oftalmologia     Volume:  87     ISSN:  1989-7286     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch Soc Esp Oftalmol     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-1     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1304603     Medline TA:  Arch Soc Esp Oftalmol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG; SPA     Pagination:  315-319     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Sociedad Española de Oftalmología. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.
Servicio de Oftalmología, Hospital de Manacor, Manacor, Mallorca, España. Electronic address:
Vernacular Title:
Valoración de técnicas intraoperatorias para la prevención de la opacificación del eje visual en la cirugía de cataratas congénitas.
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