Document Detail


Assessment of inbreeding depression in a Guzerat dairy herd: effects of individual increase in inbreeding coefficients on production and reproduction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20855025     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Influences of inbreeding on daily milk yield (DMY), age at first calving (AFC), and calving intervals (CI) were determined on a highly inbred zebu dairy subpopulation of the Guzerat breed. Variance components were estimated using animal models in single-trait analyses. Two approaches were employed to estimate inbreeding depression: using individual increase in inbreeding coefficients or using inbreeding coefficients as possible covariates included in the statistical models. The pedigree file included 9,915 animals, of which 9,055 were inbred, with an average inbreeding coefficient of 15.2%. The maximum inbreeding coefficient observed was 49.45%, and the average inbreeding for the females still in the herd during the analysis was 26.42%. Heritability estimates were 0.27 for DMY and 0.38 for AFC. The genetic variance ratio estimated with the random regression model for CI ranged around 0.10. Increased inbreeding caused poorer performance in DMY, AFC, and CI. However, some of the cows with the highest milk yield were among the highly inbred animals in this subpopulation. Individual increase in inbreeding used as a covariate in the statistical models accounted for inbreeding depression while avoiding overestimation that may result when fitting inbreeding coefficients.
Authors:
J C C Panetto; J P Gutiérrez; J B S Ferraz; D G Cunha; B L Golden
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of dairy science     Volume:  93     ISSN:  1525-3198     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Dairy Sci.     Publication Date:  2010 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-09-21     Completed Date:  2010-12-30     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985126R     Medline TA:  J Dairy Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  4902-12     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 American Dairy Science Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Curso de Veterinária, Universidade de Uberaba, Av. Nenê Sabino, 1801, 38050-501, Uberaba, MG, Brazil. jcpanetto@hotmail.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Age Factors
Animals
Cattle / genetics*,  physiology
Female
Inbreeding*
Lactation / genetics*,  physiology
Milk / secretion
Reproduction / genetics*,  physiology
Time Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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