Document Detail

Assessment of hindgut function in premature newborns.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3572693     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Anorectal manometry was performed on 32 small for dates and or preterm infants, using a micro-tip pressure transducer. A normal rectoanal reflex was observed in otherwise normal infants on the first day of life. During the neonatal period, hindgut function in these infants was studied longitudinally using the minimum excitation energy (MER) to elicit a rectoanal reflex. Data suggest that hindgut dysfunction (indicated by a significant increase in MER) develops prior to the onset of abdominal distension or necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), rather than being present from birth. Consequently, this abnormality of function probably does not initiate the process that leads to NEC. This increase in MER may be a warning that the infant is about to develop abdominal distension or NEC.
W I Garstin; V E Boston
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of pediatric surgery     Volume:  22     ISSN:  0022-3468     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Pediatr. Surg.     Publication Date:  1987 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1987-06-16     Completed Date:  1987-06-16     Revised Date:  2005-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0052631     Medline TA:  J Pediatr Surg     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  353-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Anal Canal / physiology*
Enterocolitis, Pseudomembranous / etiology
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature / physiology*
Infant, Small for Gestational Age / physiology*
Reflex / physiology*

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