Document Detail


Assessment of hand-arm vibration exposure among traffic police motorcyclists.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9258704     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The aims of this study were (1) to evaluate subjective symptoms in the hand-arm system of all traffic police motorcyclists of a city located in the central part of Japan and (2) to assess their hand-arm vibration exposure associated with traffic police motorcycle riding. The study population consisted of 119 motorcycling traffic policemen and 49 male controls. By means of a questionnaire, information on the occupational history and the presence of subjective symptoms in the hand-arm system of all subjects was obtained. Vibration was measured on the handlebars of the representative motorcycles and on the hands of the riders. The 4- and 8-h energy-equivalent frequency-weighted acceleration as well as the lifetime vibration dose were calculated for all police motorcyclists. The prevalence of finger blanching in the traffic police motorcyclists was 4.2%, but none of the controls had this symptom. The rates of finger numbness (19.3%), finger stiffness (16.0%), shoulder pain (13.4%), and shoulder stiffness (45.4%) were significantly higher among police motorcyclists as compared with controls. The root-mean-square (rms) frequency-weighted acceleration on the handlebars of police motorcycles was in the range of 2.2-4.9 m/s2 rms. The computed 4- and 8-h energy-equivalent frequency-weighted acceleration values were 2.8-4.5 and 2.0-3.2 m/s2 rms, respectively. A pattern of increasing percentage prevalence with increasing cumulative vibration dose was noticed. The subjects with a lifetime vibration dose of more than 20.1 m2 h3 s-4 (in scale) showed significantly higher prevalence rates for symptoms in the fingers and shoulders as compared with the control group. As occupational vibration exposure of traffic police motorcyclists might be considered a risk factor for the development of symptoms in the hand-arm system of the riders, its evaluation and control is needed for prevention methodology evolution.
Authors:
S M Mirbod; H Yoshida; M Jamali; K Masamura; R Inaba; H Iwata
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International archives of occupational and environmental health     Volume:  70     ISSN:  0340-0131     ISO Abbreviation:  Int Arch Occup Environ Health     Publication Date:  1997  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-10-09     Completed Date:  1997-10-09     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7512134     Medline TA:  Int Arch Occup Environ Health     Country:  GERMANY    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  22-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Hygiene, Gifu University School of Medicine, Japan. mirbod@cc.gifu-u.ac.jp
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Arm Injuries / etiology*
Humans
Japan
Male
Middle Aged
Motorcycles*
Occupational Diseases / etiology*
Police
Vibration / adverse effects*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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