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Assessment of food intake in hospitalised patients: A 10-year comparative study of a prospective hospital survey.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21067850     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
BACKGROUND & AIMS: A food quality control and improvement permanent process was initiated in 1999. To evaluate the food service evolution, protein-energy needs coverage were compared in 1999 and 2008 with the same structure survey in all hospitalized patients receiving 3 meals/day.
METHODS: Nutritional values of food provided, consumed and wasted over 24h including non-exclusive nutritional support were calculated individually. Nutritional needs were estimated as 110% of Harris-Benedict formula for energy and 1.2 or 1.0g protein/kg/day for patients <65 or ≥65 years old, respectively. Multivariate analysis identified factors associated with low nutritional intake in both populations standardized to body mass index (BMI) of 1999's patients.
RESULTS: Out of 1677 patients, 1291 were included. Mean BMI was higher in 2008 than 1999 (P<0.001). The proportion of underfed patients was unchanged (69 vs. 70%, NS). The consumption of ≥1 oral nutritional supplements (ONS) daily increased the protein needs coverage from 80% to 115% (P<0.001). The year 1999, high BMI, 1st week of hospital stay, specific diet, ONS absence and low meal quality were associated with low nutritional intakes.
CONCLUSION: The nutritional needs coverage could have improved in 2008 if BMI was similar to 1999's. ONS consumption is associated with a lower risk of underfeeding in hospitalized patients.
Ronan Thibault; Marinette Chikhi; Aurélie Clerc; Patrice Darmon; Pierre Chopard; Laurence Genton; Michel P Kossovsky; Claude Pichard
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-11-09
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical nutrition (Edinburgh, Scotland)     Volume:  30     ISSN:  1532-1983     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin Nutr     Publication Date:  2011 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-05-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8309603     Medline TA:  Clin Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  289-96     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd and European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism. All rights reserved.
Unité de Nutrition, Hôpitaux Universitaires de Genève, Rue Gabrielle-Perret-Gentil 4, 1211 Genève 14, Switzerland.
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