Document Detail


Assessment of exposure to depleted uranium.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14526948     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In most circumstances, measurement of uranium excreted in urine at known times after exposure is potentially the most sensitive method for determining the amount of depleted uranium (DU) incorporated. The problems associated with this approach are that natural uranium is always present in urine because of the ingestion of natural uranium in food and drink, and that the uncertainties in the intakes as assessed from excretion measurements can be quite large, because many assumptions concerning the exposure characteristics (time pattern of exposure, route of intake, chemical form, solubility, biokinetics within the body) must be made. Applying currently available methods and instruments for the measurement of uranium in urine samples, DU incorporations of levels relevant with respect to potential health hazards can be detected reliably, even a long time after exposure.
Authors:
P Roth; V Höllriegl; E Werner; P Schramel
Related Documents :
19179268 - Associations between in utero exposure to airborne emissions from oil and gas productio...
15950238 - Mitotic arrest and toxicity in biomphalaria glabrata (mollusca: pulmonata) exposed to c...
3538498 - Biological monitoring of nickel.
6838668 - Chronic exposure of rabbits to 0.5 and 5 mw/cm2 2450-mhz cw microwave radiation.
11358178 - Estimates of the theoretical maximum daily intake of phenolic antioxidants bha, bht and...
6928958 - The ability of foods to stain two composite resins.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Validation Studies    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Radiation protection dosimetry     Volume:  105     ISSN:  0144-8420     ISO Abbreviation:  Radiat Prot Dosimetry     Publication Date:  2003  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-10-06     Completed Date:  2003-12-05     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8109958     Medline TA:  Radiat Prot Dosimetry     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  157-61     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
GSF-National Research Center for Environment and Health, Institute of Radiation Protection, Ingolstädter Landstr. 1, 85764 Neuherberg, Germany. Roth@gsf.de
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Environmental Exposure / analysis*
Humans
Radiation Dosage
Radioactive Pollutants / analysis*
Radioactive Waste / analysis*
Radiometry / methods*
Reproducibility of Results
Risk Assessment / methods
Sensitivity and Specificity
Uranium / classification*,  urine*
Urinalysis / instrumentation,  methods*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Radioactive Pollutants; 0/Radioactive Waste; 7440-61-1/Uranium

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  In vivo measurement of Pu dissolution parameters of MOX aerosols and related uncertainties in the va...
Next Document:  Characterisation and dissolution of depleted uranium aerosols produced during impacts of kinetic ene...