Document Detail

Assessment of exercise-induced alterations in body composition of patients with coronary heart disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8495693     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of exercise habituation on body composition and anthropometric characteristics in cardiac patients. The subjects, comprising 20 patients with coronary heart disease, aged 43-69, participated in our supervised exercise programme for 38.0 (SD 12.5) weeks while in hospital. The intensity of most exercise was set at the lactate threshold. Analyses of the data indicated that small but significant reductions were observed in body mass (mb) [-1.4 (SD 1.8) kg], abdominal girth [-1.4 (SD 2.6) cm], chest girth [-1.3 (SD 1.8) cm], body mass index [-0.6 (SD 0.7)], and skinfold thicknesses at all the sites measured. As expected, fat-free mass, derived from either bio-electrical impedance (BI) or a skinfold technique with commonly used regression equations, remained essentially unchanged, while there were significant decreases in body fat (BF) and %BF. The absolute amount of change in mb (i.e. delta mb) was significantly associated with delta abdominal girth (r = 0.506), delta BF estimated by the BI technique (r = 0.476), and delta BF estimated by the skinfold technique (r = 0.451). Although the period of the exercise programme [38.0 (SD 12.5) weeks] varied greatly among subjects, it was found not to be associated with delta mb and alterations in body composition. We concluded that aerobic exercise induced significant decreases in BF and many anthropometric variables, independent of the duration of exercise, and that a combination of abdominal girth, BI and/or skinfold measurements would be advantageous in estimating primarily exercise-induced alterations in BF in cardiac patients.
K Tanaka; T Hiyama; Y Watanabe; K Asano; M Takeda; Y Hayakawa; F Nakadomo
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of applied physiology and occupational physiology     Volume:  66     ISSN:  0301-5548     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol     Publication Date:  1993  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-06-22     Completed Date:  1993-06-22     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0410266     Medline TA:  Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol     Country:  GERMANY    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  321-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Institute of Health and Sport Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Adipose Tissue / pathology,  physiopathology
Body Composition / physiology*
Coronary Disease / pathology,  physiopathology*
Exercise / physiology*
Lactates / blood
Middle Aged
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)*
Regression Analysis
Skinfold Thickness
Reg. No./Substance:

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