Document Detail


Assessment of a dimethyl sulfoxide-stabilized frozen canine platelet concentrate.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19046004     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To assess platelet count, mean platelet volume (MPV), metabolic characteristics, and platelet function in a dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO)-stabilized canine frozen platelet concentrate (PC). SAMPLE POPULATION: 11 units of a commercial frozen PC in 6% DMSO and fresh platelet-rich plasma from 6 healthy control dogs. PROCEDURES: PCs were thawed, and the following data were collected: thaw time, platelet count, MPV, pH, PCO2, and PO2 and HCO3-, glucose, and lactate content. Phosphatidylserine translocation was determined by use of flow cytometry. Fresh platelet-rich plasma from healthy dogs served as a source of control platelets for flow cytometric analysis. RESULTS: At thaw, the platelet count in the frozen PC ranged from 243,000 to 742,000 platelets/microL. Median platelet count of paired samples was 680,000 platelets/microL and decreased significantly to 509,000 platelets/microL at 2 hours after thaw. Median MPV at thaw was 11.15 femtoliters and was stable after 2 hours. Compared with fresh platelets, frozen PC had increased amounts of phosphatidylserine in the outer leaflet of the platelet membrane in the resting (ie, not treated with thrombin) state (19% vs 99%, respectively) and alterations in cellular morphology, all of which were consistent with platelet activation. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Results of this in vitro study indicated that there was a decrease in platelet quantity and function as well as an increase in platelet activation during the freeze-and-thaw process in DMSO-stabilized canine frozen PC. In vivo effects on PC remain to be determined.
Authors:
Julien Guillaumin; Karl E Jandrey; Jeffrey W Norris; Fern Tablin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of veterinary research     Volume:  69     ISSN:  0002-9645     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Vet. Res.     Publication Date:  2008 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-12-02     Completed Date:  2009-08-11     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375011     Medline TA:  Am J Vet Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1580-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Blood Platelets / drug effects,  physiology*
Cryopreservation
Cryoprotective Agents / pharmacology*
Dimethyl Sulfoxide / pharmacology*
Dogs*
Tissue Preservation / methods
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Cryoprotective Agents; 67-68-5/Dimethyl Sulfoxide

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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