Document Detail

Assessment of coronary function in children with a history of Kawasaki disease using (15)O-water positron emission tomography.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12070117     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Coronary abnormalities after Kawasaki disease (KD) may be associated with endothelial dysfunction due to intimal hypertrophy. The purpose of this study was to evaluate myocardial flow reserve (MFR) and endothelial function in regressed aneurysmal regions after KD. Methods and Results- Subjects were 12 patients aged 16.0+/-2.6 years who suffered from KD at 1.7+/-1.5 years and 12 normal subjects aged 26.5+/-3.4 years. MFR and endothelial function were estimated, respectively, by changes in myocardial blood flow (MBF) during ATP infusion and by that during cold pressor test using (15)O-water positron emission tomography. Data from 24 regressed aneurysmal regions were compared with those from the corresponding regions (n=36) in the control group. Although the MBF at rest in the regressed aneurysmal regions was similar to that in controls, the MBF at a hyperemic state induced by ATP infusion in the regressed aneurysmal regions was significantly lower than that in the control regions. Therefore, the MFR in regressed aneurysmal regions was significantly lower than that in controls (3.53+/-0.95 versus 4.60+/-1.14; P<0.05). MBF at rest and during the cold pressor test did not change in the control regions, but it was significantly reduced in regressed aneurysmal regions. The ratio of MBF during the cold pressor test to MBF at rest was significantly lower in regressed aneurysmal regions than in control regions (0.67+/-0.15 versus 1.00+/-0.15; P<0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: MFR and endothelial function are often impaired in regressed aneurysmal regions after KD, and tomography enables the noninvasive evaluation of coronary function.
Hideto Furuyama; Yasuhisa Odagawa; Chietsugu Katoh; Yasuyoshi Iwado; Keiichiro Yoshinaga; Yoshinori Ito; Kazuyuki Noriyasu; Megumi Mabuchi; Yuji Kuge; Kunihiko Kobayashi; Nagara Tamaki
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Circulation     Volume:  105     ISSN:  1524-4539     ISO Abbreviation:  Circulation     Publication Date:  2002 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-06-18     Completed Date:  2002-06-28     Revised Date:  2013-05-20    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0147763     Medline TA:  Circulation     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2878-84     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Pediatrics, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, Sapporo, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Adenosine Triphosphate / pharmacology
Cold Temperature
Coronary Aneurysm / blood,  radionuclide imaging
Coronary Circulation
Endothelium, Vascular / physiopathology
Heart / drug effects,  physiopathology,  radionuclide imaging
Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome / blood,  physiopathology*,  radionuclide imaging*
Oxygen Radioisotopes
Regional Blood Flow
Tomography, Emission-Computed
Vascular Resistance
Vasomotor System / physiopathology
Water / chemistry
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Oxygen Radioisotopes; 56-65-5/Adenosine Triphosphate; 7732-18-5/Water

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