Document Detail

Assessment of circadian rhythms of both skin temperature and motor activity in infants during the first 6 months of life.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21539424     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
The authors developed a method useful for home measurement of temperature, activity, and sleep rhythms in infants under normal-living conditions during their first 6 mos of life. In addition, parametric and nonparametric tests for assessing circadian system maturation in these infants were compared. Anthropometric parameters plus ankle skin temperature and activity were evaluated in 10 infants by means of two data loggers, Termochron iButton (DS1291H, Maxim Integrated Products, Sunnyvale, CA) for temperature and HOBO Pendant G (Hobo Pendant G Acceleration, UA-004-64, Onset Computer Corporation, Bourne, MA) for motor activity, located in special baby socks specifically designed for the study. Skin temperature and motor activity were recorded over 3 consecutive days at 15 days, 1, 3, and 6 mos of age. Circadian rhythms of skin temperature and motor activity appeared at 3 mos in most babies. Mean skin temperature decreased significantly by 3 mos of life relative to previous measurements (p = .0001), whereas mean activity continued to increase during the first 6 mos. For most of the parameters analyzed, statistically significant changes occurred at 3-6 mos relative to 0.5-1 mo of age. Major differences were found using nonparametric tests. Intradaily variability in motor activity decreased significantly at 6 mos of age relative to previous measurements, and followed a similar trend for temperature; interdaily stability increased significantly at 6 mos of age relative to previous measurements for both variables; relative amplitude increased significantly at 6 mos for temperature and at 3 mos for activity, both with respect to previous measurements. A high degree of correlation was found between chronobiological parametric and nonparametric tests for mean and mesor and also for relative amplitude versus the cosinor-derived amplitude. However, the correlation between parametric and nonparametric equivalent indices (acrophase and midpoint of M5, interdaily stability and Rayleigh test, or intradaily variability and P(1)/P(ultradian)) despite being significant, was lower for both temperature and activity. The circadian function index (CFI index), based on the integrated variable temperature-activity, increased gradually with age and was statistically significant at 6 mos of age. At 6 mos, 90% of the infants' rest period coincided with the standard sleep period of their parents, defined from 23:00 to 07:00 h (dichotomic index I < O; when I < O = 100%, there is a complete coincidence between infant nocturnal rest period and the standard rest period), whereas at 15 days of life the coincidence was only 75%. The combination of thermometry and actimetry using data loggers placed in infants' socks is a reliable method for assessing both variables and also sleep rhythms in infants under ambulatory conditions, with minimal disturbance. Using this methodological approach, circadian rhythms of skin temperature and motor activity appeared by 3 mos in most babies. Nonparametric tests provided more reliable information than cosinor analysis for circadian rhythm assessment in infants. (Author correspondence: ).
Matilde Zornoza-Moreno; Silvia Fuentes-Hernández; Manuel Sánchez-Solis; María Ángeles Rol; Elvira Larqué; And Juan Antonio Madrid
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Chronobiology international     Volume:  28     ISSN:  1525-6073     ISO Abbreviation:  Chronobiol. Int.     Publication Date:  2011 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-05-04     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8501362     Medline TA:  Chronobiol Int     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  330-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Pediatrics, Virgen de la Arrixaca University Hospital, Murcia, Spain.
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