Document Detail


Assessment of body composition by skinfold anthropometry and bioelectrical impedance technique: a comparative study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7815674     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Both skinfold anthropometry and bioelectrical impedance are indirect, simple bedside methods to assess body composition. It is not clear, however, whether the results of these methods are comparable. In this study, body composition was determined in 449 subjects by skinfold anthropometry and by bioelectrical impedance. Percentage of body fat ranged from 8.0% to 47.5% with the skinfold technique and from 0.6% to 78.5% with bioelectrical impedance. Linear regression analysis showed a significant positive correlation (r = .84; p < .0001) between the results of both techniques. However, plot analysis showed that, in comparison with bioelectrical impedance, skinfold measurements overestimate fat mass in the lower weight range and underestimate it in obese subjects. We conclude that the results of skinfold anthropometry and bioelectrical impedance are not comparable, especially in the extreme ranges of body fat. At the present time, other, more rigorous techniques are necessary to assess body composition accurately, in the extreme ranges of body fat in particular.
Authors:
G Vansant; L Van Gaal; I De Leeuw
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  JPEN. Journal of parenteral and enteral nutrition     Volume:  18     ISSN:  0148-6071     ISO Abbreviation:  JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr     Publication Date:    1994 Sep-Oct
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-02-08     Completed Date:  1995-02-08     Revised Date:  2007-02-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7804134     Medline TA:  JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  427-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Clinical Nutrition, University of Antwerp, Belgium.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Body Composition*
Body Mass Index
Electric Impedance*
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Predictive Value of Tests
Skinfold Thickness*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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