Document Detail

Assessment of aortic valve area combining echocardiography and magnetic resonance imaging.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22370613     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is routinely used to calculate aortic valve area (AVA) by continuity equation (CE). However, accurate measurement of the left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) can be difficult and flow acceleration in the LVOT may lead to miscalculation of the AVA. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to compare AVA measurements by standard TTE, cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and a hybrid approach combining both techniques. METHODS: AVA was calculated in 38 patients (age 73±9 years) with standard TTE, cine-MRI planimetry and a hybrid approach: Hybrid Method 1: TTE-derived LVOT measurement in the CE numerator was replaced by the MRI assessment of the LVOT and AVA was calculated: (LVOT MRI/*LVOT-VTI TTE)/transaortic-VTI TTE. Method 2: We replaced the SV in the numerator by the MRI-derived SV and calculated AVA = SV MRI/ transaortic-VTI TTE. RESULTS: Mean AVA derived by TTE was 0.86 cm²±0.23 cm² and 0.83 cm²±0.3 cm² by MRI- planimetry, respectively. The mean absolute difference in AVA was 0.03cm² for TTE vs. MRI planimetry. AVA calculated with method 1 and method 2 was 1.23 cm²±0.4cm² and 0.92cm²±0.32cm², respectively. The mean absolute difference between TTE and method 1 and method 2 was 0.37cm² and 0.06cm², respectively (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: MRI-planimetry of AVA and hybrid method 2 are accurate and showed a good agreement with standard TTE measurements. Therefore, hybrid method 1 is a reasonable alternative if poor acoustic windows or LVOT flow accelerations limit the accuracy of TTE, particularly in patients at high risk for an invasive hemodynamic study.
Werner Nickl; Reiner Füth; Jan Smettan; Till Köhler; Mark Lankisch; Frank Kramer; Thomas Krahn; Michael Coll Barroso; Rolf Michael Klein; Wilfried Dinh
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-2-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Arquivos brasileiros de cardiologia     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1678-4170     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-2-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0421031     Medline TA:  Arq Bras Cardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG; POR     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
CoroVital Institute for Sports Medicine.
Vernacular Title:
Avaliação da área valvar aórtica combinando ecocardiografia e ressonância magnética.
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