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Assessment of MIRD data for internal dosimetry using the GATE Monte Carlo code.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21573984     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
GATE/GEANT is a Monte Carlo code dedicated to nuclear medicine that allows calculation of the dose to organs of voxel phantoms. On the other hand, MIRD is a well-developed system for estimation of the dose to human organs. In this study, results obtained from GATE/GEANT using Snyder phantom are compared to published MIRD data. For this, the mathematical Snyder phantom was discretized and converted to a digital phantom of 100 × 200 × 360 voxels. The activity was considered uniformly distributed within kidneys, liver, lungs, pancreas, spleen, and adrenals. The GATE/GEANT Monte Carlo code was used to calculate the dose to the organs of the phantom from mono-energetic photons of 10, 15, 20, 30, 50, 100, 200, 500, and 1000 keV. The dose was converted into specific absorbed fraction (SAF) and the results were compared to the corresponding published MIRD data. On average, there was a good correlation (r (2)>0.99) between the two series of data. However, the GATE/GEANT data were on average -0.16 ± 6.22% lower than the corresponding MIRD data for self-absorption. Self-absorption in the lungs was considerably higher in the MIRD compared to the GATE/GEANT data, for photon energies of 10-20 keV. As for cross-irradiation to other organs, the GATE/GEANT data were on average +1.5 ± 8.1% higher than the MIRD data, for photon energies of 50-1000 keV. For photon energies of 10-30 keV, the relative difference was +7.5 ± 67%. It turned out that the agreement between the GATE/GEANT and the MIRD data depended upon absolute SAF values and photon energy. For 10-30 keV photons, where the absolute SAF values were small, the uncertainty was high and the effect of cross-section prominent, and there was no agreement between the GATE/GEANT results and the MIRD data. However, for photons of 50-1,000 keV, the bias was negligible and the agreement was acceptable.
Ali Asghar Parach; Hossein Rajabi; Mohammad Ali Askari
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-5-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Radiation and environmental biophysics     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1432-2099     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-5-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0415677     Medline TA:  Radiat Environ Biophys     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Medical Physics, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, P.O. Box 14115-331, Tehran, Iran.
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