Document Detail


Assessment of Left Ventricular Mechanical Dyssynchrony Using Real Time Three-Dimensional Echocardiography: A Comparative Study to Doppler Tissue Imaging.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22044613     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Purpose: To assess left ventricular mechanical dyssynchrony (LVMD) using real time three-dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE) and comparing it with the different dyssynchrony indices derived from Doppler tissue imaging (DTI) for the same patient. Methods: The study included 60 consecutive patients who were considered candidates for CRT, i.e., having ejection fraction ≤35%, NYHA class III or ambulatory class IV, QRS duration ≥120 msec, on optimal pharmacological therapy. Apical RT3DE full volumes were obtained and analyzed to generate the systolic dyssynchrony index (SDI-16), which is the standard deviation of the time to minimal systolic volume of the 16 segments of LV. Color-coded DTI was performed for the three standard apical views with estimation of the mechanical dyssynchrony index (12 Ts-SD), which is the standard deviation of the time to peak systolic velocity at 12 segments of LV. Results: SDI-16 was 10.96 ± 3.9% (cutoff value: 8.3%), while Ts-SD was 38 ± 10.2 msec (cutoff value: 32.6 msec). The concordance rate for both indices was 75%; however, there was no correlation between both indices (r = 0.14, P = 0.3). SDI-16 showed good correlation with QRS duration (r = 0.45, P < 0.001) and inverse correlation with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) calculated by RT3DE (r =-0.37, P = 0.004), while 12 Ts-SD index showed no correlation with QRS duration (r =-0.0082, P = 0.51) or 2D LVEF (r =-0.26, P = 0.84). Conclusions: RT3DE can quantify LVMD by providing the SDI-16 and it may prove to be more useful than DTI as it shows increasing dyssynchrony with increased QRS duration and decreased LVEF. (Echocardiography ****;**:1-9).
Authors:
Rania Samir; Mazen Tawfik; Ahmed M El Missiri; Ghada El Shahid; Mervat Aboul Maaty; Maiy El Sayed
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-11-2
Journal Detail:
Title:  Echocardiography (Mount Kisco, N.Y.)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1540-8175     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-2     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8511187     Medline TA:  Echocardiography     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2011, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Affiliation:
Cardiology Department, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt.
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